Tsuyoshi Toyokawa

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Loss of cardiomyocytes through programmed cell death is a key event in the development of heart failure, but the inciting molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. We used microarray analysis to identify a genetic program for myocardial apoptosis in Gq-mediated and pressure-overload cardiac hypertrophy. A critical component of this apoptotic program was(More)
To delineate the in vivo cardiac functions requiring normal delta protein kinase C (PKC) activity, we pursued loss-of-function through transgenic expression of a deltaPKC-specific translocation inhibitor protein fragment, deltaV1, in mouse hearts. Initial results using the mouse alpha-myosin heavy chain (alphaMHC) promoter resulted in a lethal heart failure(More)
To define molecular mechanisms of cardiac hypertrophy, genes whose expression was perturbed by any of four different transgenic mouse hypertrophy models [protein kinase C-epsilon activation peptide (PsiepsilonRACK), calsequestrin (CSQ), calcineurin (CN), and Galpha(q)] were compared by DNA microarray analyses using the approximately 8,800 genes present on(More)
Homocysteine has been reported to inhibit endothelial cell proliferation, which is closely related to angiogenesis. However, the relationship between homocysteine and angiogenesis is unknown. To clarify whether homocysteine would inhibit angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo, we examined the effect of homocysteine on tube formation by bovine aortic endothelial(More)
The Ras-like Rab GTPases regulate vesicle transport in endocytosis and exocytosis. We found that cardiac Rabs1, 4, and 6 are upregulated in a dilated cardiomyopathy model overexpressing beta(2)-adrenergic receptors. To determine if increased Rab GTPase expression can contribute to cardiomyopathy, we transgenically overexpressed in mouse hearts prototypical(More)
The epsilon isoform of protein kinase C (PKC) has a critical cardiotrophic function in normal postnatal developing heart as demonstrated by cardiac-specific transgenic expression of epsilonPKC-selective translocation inhibitor (epsilonV1) and activator (psiepsilonRACK) peptides (Mochly-Rosen, D., Wu, G., Hahn, H., Osinska, H., Liron, T., Lorenz, J. N.,(More)
The noninvasive detection of restenosis is clinically important for the subsequent management of patients in whom percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has been performed. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and stress 201Tl single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We summarize data of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) and discuss the relationship between antithrombotic drug use and age in patients with GIB. METHODOLOGY One-hundred and twenty patients with GIB were divided into two groups according to age (=75 years old and <75 years old). The causes and clinical outcome of each group(More)
Reactive oxygen species have been proposed to play important roles in atherosclerosis. To investigate the protective role of extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), its inhibition of endothelial-cell-mediated LDL oxidation was examined. We constructed the recombinant adenovirus AxCAEC-SOD expressing human EC-SOD by CAG promoter. Infection of(More)
Extracellular-superoxide dismutase [EC 1.15.1.1] (EC-SOD) is a secretory glycoprotein with high affinity for heparin. This enzyme locates in blood vessel walls at a high enough level to suppress oxidative stress under normal conditions. EC-SOD is the major SOD isozyme in plasma, anchored to heparan sulfate proteoglycans in the glycocalyx of endothelial cell(More)