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Two S-layer-expressing strains, Lactobacillus crispatus JCM 5810 and Lactobacillus acidophilus JCM 1132, were assessed for adherence to proteins of the mammalian extracellular matrix. L. crispatus JCM 5810 adhered efficiently to immobilized type IV and I collagens, laminin, and, with a lower affinity, to type V collagen and fibronectin. Strain JCM 1132 did(More)
The cbsA gene of Lactobacillus crispatus strain JCM 5810, encoding a protein that mediates adhesiveness to collagens, was characterized and expressed in Escherichia coli. The cbsA open reading frame encoded a signal sequence of 30 amino acids and a mature polypeptide of 410 amino acids with typical features of a bacterial S-layer protein. The cbsA gene(More)
AIMS To select adhesive strains among strains of Lactobacillus and to apply them to inhibit adhesion of food-borne pathogens. METHODS AND RESULTS Twelve Lactobacillus strains (10 from intestine) were examined for adhesion using Caco-2 cell cultures. The two most adhesive strains, Lactobacillus crispatus JCM 8779 and Lact. reuteri JCM 1081, were used to(More)
The extracellular polysaccharide obtained from slime-forming Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris SBT 0495 is composed of D-glucose, D-galactose, L-rhamnose, and phosphate. Methylation analysis of the native and dephosphorylated polysaccharides provided information on the linkage of the sugar residues and the location of the phosphate group. N.m.r.(More)
A capsular polysaccharide-producing strain KPB-167B isolated from kefir grains was identified as a homofermentative Lactobacillus. The carbohydrate fermentation pattern and DNA base composition of the strain were different from those of other capsular Lactobacillus species previously isolated from kefir grains. The polysaccharide produced by Lactobacillus(More)
Lactobacillus acidophilus group and a Lact. reuteri isolated from human faeces were examined for production of antimicrobial agents against 16 strains of six species of food-borne enteric pathogenic bacteria. Several strains of Lact. gasseri showed wide inhibitory activity against the tested bacteria. Gassericin A produced by Lact. gasseri LA39 was one of(More)
The populations of T cells were studied in 46 patients with Kawasaki disease, separated into 2 groups: group I--11 patients with coronary aneurysms; and group II--35 patients with normal coronary arteries. Patients from both groups with early acute illness, before day 5, had a significant reduction in the population of OKT3+ (p less than 0.001), OKT4+ (p(More)
AIMS This study aimed to develop a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to identify Lactobacillus crispatus. METHODS AND RESULTS A primer set (CbsA2F-CbsA2R) for amplifying conserved regions of S-layer genes was designed to identify Lact. crispatus and the specificity of this set was compared with that of another primer set (Cri 16SI-Cri 16SII) which(More)
AIMS This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency with which Lactobacillus crispatus JCM 5810 inhibited the adhesion of enteric pathogens to a synthetic basement membrane and to elucidate the mechanism underlying the inhibition. METHODS AND RESULTS Lactobacillus crispatus JCM 5810 inhibited the adhesion of three diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli strains to a(More)