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Journals and Conferences
Chymase is a chymotrypsin-like serine protease exclusively stored in secretory granules of mast cells and has been thought to participate in allergic diseases. It has already been shown that chymase inhibitor SUN13834 improves dermatitis in NC/Nga mice that spontaneously develop dermatitis resembling atopic dermatitis. In the present study, effect of… (More)
The possible role of mast cell chymase in organ fibrosis was examined using a bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis model in mice. Intratracheal injection of bleomycin to mice significantly increased not only hydroxyproline content but also chymase activity in the lung. Administration of a chymase inhibitor SUN C8077 (7-chloro-3-(3-amynophenyl)… (More)
A chymase inhibitor SUN13834 has been shown to improve skin condition in animal models for atopic dermatitis. In the present study, effective dosages of SUN13834 for atopic dermatitis patients were predicted by pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analyses of SUN13834 in NC/Nga mice, which spontaneously develop atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions. For… (More)
The ability to convert angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II was compared between human alpha-chymase and two mouse beta-chymases, mouse mast cell protease (mMCP)-1 and mMCP-4. Human chymase hydrolyzed Ang I to produce Ang II without further degradation. mMCP-1 similarly generated Ang II from Ang I in a time-dependent manner and the formation of the fragment other… (More)
An epicutaneous application of 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) to a mouse ear caused a transient skin swelling, and the repetition of the challenge enlarged the contact dermatitis. The repeated challenge with DNFB also induced eosinophil infiltration on the application site. Administration of a chymase inhibitor significantly inhibited the ear swelling as… (More)
Intradermal injection of human chymase (EC 184.108.40.206) into the mouse ear elicited an edematous skin reaction in a biphasic manner, with a transient reaction peaking at 1 hr, followed by a delayed response persisting for at least 24hr. The kinetics of this reaction was analogous to the biphasic skin reaction induced by ascaris extract in actively sensitized… (More)
Human chymase is known to function as a chemoattractant for human leukocytes. To investigate the mechanism of the chymase-induced cell migration, change in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) was examined in human polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells using Fluo-3 as a fluorescent Ca(2+) indicator. Treatment of PMN cells with human chymase caused… (More)
A novel series of 6-benzyl substituted 4-aminocarbonyl-1,4-diazepane-2,5-diones was designed, synthesized, and evaluated as human chymase inhibitors. From this series, we identified several compounds which were effective, via oral administration, in a mouse model of chronic dermatitis.
A novel series of 6-substituted 4-sulfonyl-1,4-diazepane-2,5-diones were designed, synthesized and evaluated as human chymase inhibitors. Structure-activity relationship studies led to the identification of a potent inhibitor, (6S)-6-(5-chloro-2-methoxybenzyl)-4-[(4-chlorophenyl)sulfonyl]-1,4-diazepane-2,5-dione, with an IC(50) of 0.027 microM.