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Expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) is increased following the nervous system injury. Generally IL-1beta induces inflammation, leading to neural degeneration, while several neuropoietic effects have also been reported. Although neurite outgrowth is an important step in nerve regeneration, whether IL-1beta takes(More)
Methylcobalamin (MeCbl), a vitamin B12 analog, promotes neurite outgrowth by activating Akt in neurons. However, Akt is involved in many cellular functions, and the downstream signal of Akt that promotes neurite outgrowth in neurons in the presence of MeCbl remains obscure. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that(More)
BACKGROUND Many reports have discussed reconstruction of the lateral ulnar collateral ligament for the treatment of posterolateral rotatory instability of the elbow, but information regarding the isometric point of the lateral ligament of the elbow is limited. The purposes of the present study were to investigate the in vivo and three-dimensional length(More)
PURPOSE The interosseous membrane (IOM) of the forearm is a stout ligamentous complex that reportedly comprises several ligamentous components. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to define all IOM ligaments and to clarify the precise attachment locations. METHODS Thirty forearms from 15 embalmed cadavers were used. After dissection, all IOM ligaments(More)
The purpose of this article is to evaluate in vivo 3-dimensional kinematics of the elbow joint during elbow flexion. We studied the ulnohumeral and radiohumeral joint noninvasively in 3 elbows in healthy volunteers using a markerless bone registration algorithm. Magnetic resonance images were acquired in 6 positions of elbow flexion. The inferred contact(More)
Teratomas in the spinal cord are rare. We report a case in a 54-year-old man. CT scans revealed tumours of different densities within the spinal canal; this heterogeneity may help to differentiate teratoma from other spinal cord tumours. After resection of the tumours under microscopy, the result was excellent. Histological examination showed a variety of(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional anatomical correction is desirable for the treatment of a long-bone deformity of the upper extremity. We developed an original system, including a three-dimensional computer simulation program and a custom-made surgical device designed on the basis of simulation, to achieve accurate results. In this study, we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) eliminates the positioning errors and allows the clinician to more accurately assess the radiographic parameters present. To elucidate the 3D geometry of the acetabulum and the extent of hip subluxation/dislocation in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), quantitative morphometric analysis was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Corrective osteotomy using dorsal plates and structural bone graft usually has been used for treating symptomatic distal radius malunions. However, the procedure is technically demanding and requires an extensive dorsal approach. Residual deformity is a relatively frequent complication of this technique. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We evaluated the(More)
BACKGROUND We developed an original computer program that three-dimensionally simulates anatomical deformity correction of an extremity based on computed tomography (CT) data and an operative method that uses a custom-designed surgical device to realize the simulation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and accuracy of this system(More)