Tsuyoshi Morita

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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical process occurring during embryonic development and in fibrosis and tumor progression. Dissociation of cell-cell contacts and remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton are major events of the EMT. Here, we show that myocardin-related transcription factors (MRTFs; also known as MAL and MKL) are critical(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is an important regulator of neuronal development and functions. Although it was reported recently that mTOR signaling is critical for neuronal polarity, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we describe the molecular pathway of mTOR-dependent axon specification, in which the collapsing response mediator(More)
Distribution on both nuclei and metaphase chromosomes of Ku-proteins, recognized by autoantibodies from a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus, has been studied using a specific monoclonal antibody (mAbH6) that recognizes p70, one Ku-protein. Observation with either a conventional fluorescent microscope or a confocal laser scanning microscope revealed(More)
Upon deprivation of nutrients, Dictyostelium discoideum Ax-2 cells arrest proliferation and initiate a metamorphosed developmental program including induction of altered gene expressions which are necessary for differentiation. In Ax-2 cells, we found out a member of Hsp90 family usually contained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Dd-GRP94 (Dictyostelium(More)
Myocardin (Mycd), a key factor in smooth muscle cell differentiation, is constitutively located in the nucleus, whereas myocardin-related transcription factors A and B (MRTF-A/B) reside mostly in the cytoplasm and translocate to the nucleus in a Rho-dependent manner. Here, we investigated the nuclear export of Mycd family members. They possess two(More)
There have been no reports of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) associated gastric cancer resected with endoscopy because it is very difficult to identify small cancers that are candidates for endoscopic resection. We report a case of CCS with gastric cancer treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection, and we evaluate the molecular pathological analysis of(More)
Podosomes are dynamic cell adhesion structures that degrade the extracellular matrix, permitting extracellular matrix remodeling. Accumulating evidence suggests that actin and its associated proteins play a crucial role in podosome dynamics. Caldesmon is localized to the podosomes, and its expression is down-regulated in transformed and cancer cells. Here(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) plays a role in mutually exclusive processes such as proliferation and differentiation in a variety of cell types. IGF-I is a potent mitogen and motogen for dedifferentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vivo and in vitro. However, in differentiated VSMCs, IGF-I is only required for maintaining the(More)
TRAP1 (tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1) is a member of the molecular chaperone HSP90 (90-kDa heat shock protein) family. In this study, we mainly examined the behavior of Dictyostelium TRAP1 homologue, Dd-TRAP1, during Dictyostelium development by immunoelectron microscopy. In vegetatively growing D. discoideum Ax-2 cells, Dd-TRAP1(More)