Tsuyoshi Mori

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Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the accumulation of prion protein (PrP(C)). To date, there is no effective treatment for the disease. The accumulated PrP, termed PrP(Sc), forms amyloid fibrils and could be infectious. It has been suggested that PrP(Sc) is abnormally folded and resistant to proteolytic degradation, and(More)
Prion protein-like protein/doppel is neurotoxic, causing ataxia and Purkinje cell degeneration in mice, whereas prion protein antagonizes doppel-induced neurodegeneration. Doppel is homologous to the C-terminal half of prion protein but lacks the amino acid sequences corresponding to the N-terminal half of prion protein. We show here that transgenic mice(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Infections are important causes of postoperative morbidity after gastric surgery; currently, no factors have been identified that can predict postoperative infection. Adiponectin (ADN) mediates energy metabolism and functions as an immunomodulator. Perioperative ADN levels and perioperative immune functioning could be mutually(More)
Accidental transmission of prions during neurosurgery has been reported as a consequence of re-using contaminated surgical instruments. Several decontamination methods have been studied using the 263K-hamster prion; however, no studies have directly evaluated human prions. A newly developed in vitro amplification system, designated real-time quaking-induced(More)
Removal of pathogenic organisms from reprocessed surgical instruments is essential to prevent iatrogenic infections. Some bacteria can make persistent biofilms on medical devices. Contamination of non-disposable equipment with prions also represents a serious risk to surgical patients. Efficient disinfection of prions from endoscopes and other instruments(More)
The infectious agents of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are composed of amyloidogenic prion protein, PrPSc. Real-time quaking-induced conversion can amplify very small amounts of PrPSc seeds in tissues/body fluids of patients or animals. Using this in vitro PrP-amyloid amplification assay, we quantitated the seeding activity of affected human(More)
Accumulating lines of evidence indicate that the N-terminal domain of prion protein (PrP) is involved in prion susceptibility in mice. In this study, to investigate the role of the octapeptide repeat (OR) region alone in the N-terminal domain for the susceptibility and pathogenesis of prion disease, we intracerebrally inoculated RML scrapie prions into(More)
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