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OBJECT So far, the morphological features of the vascular system supplying the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) have been inferred only from microangiograms. However, in the past most of these studies lacked 3D observations. This study presents the details of the microvasculature of the lumbar DRG visualized by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study was aimed at investigating changes in the dorsal horn of the lumbar cord induced by mechanical compression using an in vivo model. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of axonal flow disturbance in the dorsal horns induced by nerve root compression. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Few studies have looked at changes of synapses within the(More)
INTRODUCTION Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into various connective tissue cells. Several techniques have been used for the clinical application of MSCs in articular cartilage repair; however, there are many issues associated with the selection of the scaffold material, including its ability to support cell viability and differentiation and(More)
OBJECT The surgical approach and treatment of thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral collapse with neurological deficit have not been documented in detail. Anterior surgery provides good decompression and solid fusion, but the surgery-related risk is relatively higher than that associated with the posterior approach. In posterior surgery, the major problem(More)
OBJECT In this study, the authors examined how physiological levels of extracellular osmolality influence proteoglycan accumulation in nucleus pulposus cells in a 3D culture system. METHODS Cells were isolated from the nucleus pulposus of caudal discs obtained from 18- to 24-month-old bovines. They were cultured for 6 days in alginate beads at 4 million(More)
Entrapment neuropathy is a frequent clinical problem that can be caused by, among other factors, mechanical compression; however, exactly how a compressive force affects the peripheral nerves remains poorly understood. In this study, using a rabbit model of sciatic nerve injury (n=12), we evaluated the time-course of changes in intraneural blood flow,(More)
STUDY DESIGN The aim of this study is to investigate changes in lumbar motor neurons induced by mechanical nerve root compression using an in vivo model. This study is to investigate the changes of lumbar motor neuron induced by mechanical nerve root compression using in vivo model. OBJECTIVES The effect of axonal flow disturbance induced by nerve root(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective study. PURPOSE The aims of this study were to investigate the diagnostic value of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in PET/computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation of spinal metastatic lesions. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE Recent studies described limitations regarding how many lesions with(More)
INTRODUCTION Vascular complications related to cup-fixating screws penetrating the medial acetabular wall during total hip arthroplasty are not uncommon but rarely are associated with serious adverse events in the late post-operative period. CASE PRESENTATION We present the case of a 77-year-old Japanese woman who developed progressive extensive bone(More)
OBJECT The vascular terminations (vascular buds) in the bone-disc junction area are structurally very similar to cartilage. In all previous studies to date, however, the roles of cartilage canals and vascular buds were mainly discussed using histological and transparent sections but not electron microscopic sections. The purpose of this study was to clarify(More)