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To investigate the effects of total knee arthroplasty on joint proprioception, the absolute angular error of the knee in 38 consecutive patients before and after total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis and in 23 age-matched control subjects were examined. Varus and valgus laxity of the knee and muscle strengths of the thigh were measured using(More)
Osteoclasts (OCs) undergo rapid apoptosis without trophic factors, such as macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF). Their apoptosis was associated with a rapid and sustained increase in the pro-apoptotic BH3-only Bcl-2 family member Bim. This was caused by the reduced ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of Bim that is mediated by c-Cbl. Although(More)
Antibodies against acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) cause pathogenicity in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients through complement pathway-mediated destruction of postsynaptic membranes at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). However, antibodies against muscle-specific kinase (MuSK), which constitute a major subclass of antibodies found in MG patients, do not activate(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study is aimed to investigate the changes of nerve root functions during the straight leg raising (SLR) test in vivo. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between nerve root movement and the electrophysiological values during an intraoperative SLR test. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The SLR test is one of the most significant signs(More)
This study investigated the effect of 3,4-diaminopyridine (3,4-DAP), a potent potentiator of transmitter release, on neuromuscular transmission in vivo in a mouse model of myasthenia gravis (MG) caused by antibodies against muscle-specific kinase (MuSK; MuSK-MG) and ex vivo in diaphragm muscle from these mice. 3,4-DAP significantly improved neuromuscular(More)
OBJECT So far, the morphological features of the vascular system supplying the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) have been inferred only from microangiograms. However, in the past most of these studies lacked 3D observations. This study presents the details of the microvasculature of the lumbar DRG visualized by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion(More)
Deletion of the c-src gene impairs osteoclast bone resorbing activity, causing osteopetrosis. Although it has been concluded that restoring only the Src adaptor function at least partly rescues the cell attachment and skeletal phenotypes, the contribution of Src kinase activity remains controversial. Src forms a complex with Pyk2 and Cbl after(More)
The aging process correlates with the accumulation of cellular and tissue damage caused by oxidative stress. Although previous studies have suggested that oxidative stress plays a pathologic role in the development of bone fragility, little direct evidence has been found. In order to investigate the pathologic significance of oxidative stress in bones, we(More)
UNLABELLED Osteoporosis represents a significant side effect of glucocorticoid therapy, and alendronate has been reported to prevent this glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Functional imaging with (18)F-fluoride PET allows quantitative analysis of bone metabolism in specific skeletal regions. However, only a few studies have quantitatively determined bone(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphorylation is a major regulator of bone metabolism. Tyrosine phosphatases participate in regulating phosphorylation, but roles of specific phosphatases in bone metabolism are largely unknown. We demonstrate that young (<12 weeks) female mice lacking tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (PTPepsilon) exhibit increased trabecular bone mass due to(More)