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Minocycline is a caspase inhibitor, decreases inducible nitric oxide synthase, and has been shown to delay disease in a mouse model of neuropsychiatric disorders. Recently, we reported the antipsychotic effects of minocycline in patients with schizophrenia. In a pilot investigation, we administered minocycline (150 mg/d) for 4 weeks as an open-label adjunct(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that the traditional Japanese herbal medicine yi-gan san (YGS; yokukan-san in Japanese) may be safe and useful in treating behavioral and psychological symptoms in patients with dementia and borderline personality disorder. We aimed at evaluating both the efficacy and safety of YGS in patients with treatment-resistant(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous medications have been tested on patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Although many of these medications have been demonstrated to be useful, no clear main treatment for BPD has emerged. Despite the efficacy of some of the medicines, acceptability and side effects have proven to be barriers to their use. Recent studies(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that the traditional Japanese herbal medicine yi-gan san (YGS, yokukan-san in Japanese), a serotonin modulator, may be safe and useful in treating behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia and borderline personality disorder patients. The authors examined the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of YGS in patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients has been reported to involve alterations in the medial temporal lobe and the posterior cingulate gyrus. On the other hand, the neurochemical pathologies of the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) have not been sufficiently discussed. The aim of this study(More)
We investigate a novel class of neural stochastic resonance (SR) exhibiting error-free information transfer. Unlike conventional neural SR, where the decrease of a system's response with too much noise is associated with an increase in the baseline firing rate, here the bell-shaped SR behavior of the input-output cross correlation emerges versus increasing(More)
The regulated expression of Wnt-1, one member of the wingless/Wnt pathway, in the brain is critical for many neurodevelopmental processes. Recently, it has been reported that the wingless/Wnt pathway participates in a complex behavioral phenomenon and suggested that this pathway's molecules are candidate genes for neuropsychiatric disorders. Thus, we(More)
We present two cases of patients with schizophrenia treated with minocycline. Minocycline (a second-generation tetracycline) is an established and safe broad-spectrum antibiotic that crosses the blood-brain barrier, with additional efficacy for diseases such as acne and rheumatoid arthritis. Animal studies have suggested that minocycline may prevent(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 25% of patients admitted to a hospital as a result of depression are actually suffering from psychotic depression. Psychotic symptoms can be present in patients with either unipolar depression or bipolar depression and can be difficult to treat. It was reported the second-generation tetracycline may exert potential antidepressant(More)