Tsuyoshi Miki

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The formation of disulfide is essential for the folding, activity, and stability of many proteins secreted by Gram-negative bacteria. The disulfide oxidoreductase, DsbA, introduces disulfide bonds into proteins exported from the cytoplasm to periplasm. In pathogenic bacteria, DsbA is required to process virulence determinants for their folding and assembly.(More)
Serum resistance is a crucial virulence factor for the development of systemic infections, including bacteraemia, by many pathogenic bacteria. Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis is an important enteric pathogen that causes serious systemic infections in swine and humans. Here, it was found that, when introduced into Escherichia coli, a recombinant(More)
A number of bacteria that are pathogenic for animals and plants possess a type III secretion system (TTSS) to translocate virulence-associated proteins into host cells. In several bacteria, it has been reported that the TTSS is correlated with an ability to cause contact-dependent hemolysis in vitro. Here, we showed that the Salmonella enterica serovar(More)
A type III secretion system (T3SS) is utilized by a large number of gram-negative bacteria to deliver effectors directly into the cytosol of eukaryotic host cells. One essential component of a T3SS is an ATPase that catalyzes the unfolding of proteins, which is followed by the translocation of effectors through an injectisome. Here we demonstrate a(More)
SlyA protein plays a key role in virulence in Salmonella enterica. In this study, we evaluated the ability of the slyA mutant strain of S. enterica serovar Choleraesuis (S. choleraesuis) to protect against swine salmonellosis. Using a murine model infected with S. enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. typhimurium), we showed that the Salmonella strain with a(More)
The type III secretion system encoded by Salmonella pathogenicity island 2 (SPI-2) is essential for the intracellular survival and replication of Salmonella enterica. The expression of SPI-2 genes is dependent on a two-component regulatory system, SsrA (SpiR)/SsrB, encoded in the SPI-2 region. This paper shows that SlyA regulates transcription of the sensor(More)
Chromobacterium violaceum is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes fatal septicaemia in humans and animals. C. violaceum ATCC 12472 possesses genes associated with two distinct type III secretion systems (T3SSs). One of these systems is encoded by Chromobacterium pathogenicity islands 1 and 1a (Cpi-1/-1a), another is encoded by Chromobacterium pathogenicity(More)
The chromosome of Bacteroides fragilis strain YCH46 was shown to be a single circular DNA molecule of about 5.3 Mb having 16 NotI, seven AscI, and six I-CeuI sites. A physical map of the chromosome was constructed by four independent experimental approaches: linking clone analysis, cross-Southern hybridization, partial restriction digestion, and(More)
The global ppGpp-mediated stringent response in pathogenic bacteria plays an important role in the pathogenesis of bacterial infections. In Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), several genes, including virulence genes, are regulated by ppGpp when bacteria are under the stringent response. To understand the control of virulence genes by(More)
The bactericidal lectin RegIIIβ is inducibly produced by intestinal epithelial cells as a defense against infection by enteropathogens. In the gut lumen, RegIIIβ kills not only certain enteropathogens, but also some commensal bacteria; thus, RegIIIβ is also thought to be an innate immune effector shaping microbiota composition and establishing intestinal(More)