Learn More
Sleep apnea syndrome, a sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) of which obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is representative, is often associated with obesity, and therefore patients with SRBD might have a high prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the relationship between obesity and the prevalence of CKD has not yet been investigated(More)
The effects of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GBE), a widely used herbal dietary supplement in Japan, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nifedipine (NFP), a calcium-channel blocker, were studied using 8 healthy volunteers. Simultaneous oral ingestion of GBE (240 mg) did not significantly affect any of the mean pharmacokinetic parameters of either(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-induced cerebral vasospasm causes serious neurological morbidity and mortality mainly because of the absence of effective treatment. Therefore, we reviewed the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of the cerebral vasospasm based on the experimental data in the two-hemorrhage canine model. The characteristic feature(More)
Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 (BAI1) is a p53-target gene specifically expressed in the brain. We examined the distribution of the endogenous BAI1 protein in normal human brain tissue using a polyclonal antibody against the extracellular region of BAI1. Immunohistochemical study demonstrated that BAI1 was expressed in neuronal cells of the(More)
Homocitrate is a component of the iron-molybdenum cofactor in nitrogenase, where nitrogen fixation occurs. NifV, which encodes homocitrate synthase (HCS), has been identified from various diazotrophs but is not present in most rhizobial species that perform efficient nitrogen fixation only in symbiotic association with legumes. Here we show that the FEN1(More)
The effects of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GBE), one of the most widely used herbal dietary supplements in Japan, on the pharmacokinetics of diltiazem (DTZ), a typical probe of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A, were examined in rats. The simultaneous addition of GBE to small intestine and liver microsomes inhibited the formation of N-demethyl DTZ (MA), an active(More)
Sairei-to is a traditional herbal medicine used to complement, and as an alternative to, Western drugs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetic interactions between Sairei-to and nifedipine (NFP), a substrate for CYP3A, in rats. NFP-oxidizing activity and the pharmacokinetics of NFP were examined after a single or 1-week of administration(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the clinical usefulness of the Cho/Cr ratio of proton MR spectroscopy(1H-MRS) to differentiate residual/recurrent glioma from non-neoplastic lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS 20 cases of glioma were involved in this study(astrocytoma grade I-II: 7, oligodendroglioma: 1, astrocytoma grade III: 2, glioblastoma: 10). Seven of the patients(More)
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1), a water channel protein, has been shown to play an important role in tumor growth and angiogenesis in mouse endothelial cells. We recently reported that the expression of AQP1 mRNA was induced in cultured human retinal vascular endothelial cells (HRVECs) under hypoxia. In the present study, HRVECs were cultured under normoxia or hypoxia(More)