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A new phenyldihydronaphthalene-type lignan, vitedoin A (1), a new phenylnaphthalene-type lignan alkaloid, vitedoamine A (2), and a new trinorlabdane-type diterpene, vitedoin B (3), were isolated from the seeds of Vitex negundo along with five known lignan derivatives (4-8). Their chemical structures were determined mainly on the basis of NMR and MS data.(More)
Because advanced glycation end product (AGE) inhibitors such as pyridoxamine significantly inhibit the development of retinopathy and neuropathy in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat, treatment with AGE inhibitors is believed to be a potential strategy for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetic complications. A crude extract of(More)
The root of Strobilanthes cusia BREMEK. (Acanthaceae), popularly known as Da-Ching-Yeh, has been commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine. It is used to treat influenza, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, encephalitis B, viral pneumonia, mumps, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). In this study, we found a new lignan glycoside (6) and two new(More)
A new steroidal glycoside has been isolated from the underground parts of Solanum sodomaeum L., along with seven known steroidal glycosides. Their chemical structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence, and the structure of one known pregnane type glycoside was corrected. In addition, their antiproliferative activity(More)
Two new bisabolane-type sesquiterpenes, lippidulcine A (3) and epilippidulcine A (4), have been isolated from the aerial parts of Lippia dulcis TREV. along with five known flavonoids, cirsimaritin (5), salvigenin (6), eupatorin (7), 5-hydroxy-6,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone (8) and 5,3'-dihydroxy-6,7,4',5'-tetramethoxyflavone (9), three known phenylethanoid(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) of M2 phenotype promote tumor proliferation and are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with glioblastoma. We screened the natural compounds possessing an inhibitory effect on M2 polarization in human monocyte-derived macrophages. Among 130 purified natural compounds examined, corosolic acid significantly(More)
Lippia triphylla (L'Her) O. Kuntze (Verbenaceae; common name, Lemon Verbena) is used in Peru as a spice and herb tea for the prevention of arteriosclerosis. From the aerial parts of this plant, 25 known compounds—3 phenylpropanoid glucosides, 7 flavonoids, 5 phenylethanoid glycosides, 5 lignans, 2 sesquiterpenoids, and 3 triterpenoids—were isolated, and(More)
Solanaceous plants are widely distributed. They are used as food and in folk medicine. Our studies focused on these plants, starting with Solanum lyratum and S. nigrum, which are used as anti-cancer and anti-herpes agents. Extensive investigations in 45 Solanum plant species revealed that a considerable amount of glycosides such as spirosolane, solanidane,(More)
A new pregnane glycoside has been isolated from the overripe fruits of Cherry tomato (Mini tomato), Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme (DUNAL) ALEF. The structure was determined to be 3-O-beta-lycotetraosyl 3beta-hydroxy-5alpha-pregn-16-en-20-one on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. The seasonal variation of the tomato saponin is discussed.
Four new iridoid glucosides, called genamesides A-D, have been isolated from the fruit of Genipa americana L. (Rubiaceae), along with four known iridoid glucosides, geniposidic acid, geniposide, gardenoside and genipin-gentiobioside. Their chemical structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data.