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Because advanced glycation end product (AGE) inhibitors such as pyridoxamine significantly inhibit the development of retinopathy and neuropathy in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat, treatment with AGE inhibitors is believed to be a potential strategy for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetic complications. A crude extract of(More)
A new phenyldihydronaphthalene-type lignan, vitedoin A (1), a new phenylnaphthalene-type lignan alkaloid, vitedoamine A (2), and a new trinorlabdane-type diterpene, vitedoin B (3), were isolated from the seeds of Vitex negundo along with five known lignan derivatives (4-8). Their chemical structures were determined mainly on the basis of NMR and MS data.(More)
A new steroidal glycoside has been isolated from the underground parts of Solanum sodomaeum L., along with seven known steroidal glycosides. Their chemical structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence, and the structure of one known pregnane type glycoside was corrected. In addition, their antiproliferative activity(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) of M2 phenotype promote tumor proliferation and are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with glioblastoma. We screened the natural compounds possessing an inhibitory effect on M2 polarization in human monocyte-derived macrophages. Among 130 purified natural compounds examined, corosolic acid significantly(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is an incurable peripheral T-cell malignancy caused by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I. In our preceding paper, 214 extracts from 162 plants were screened to elucidate the antiproliferative principles against ATL cell lines. Several withanolides were isolated and the structure–activity relationships (SAR)(More)
Lippia triphylla (L'HER) O. KUNTZE: (Verbenaceae; common name, Lemon Verbena) is used in Peru as a spice and herb tea for the prevention of arteriosclerosis. From the aerial parts of this plant, 25 known compounds--3 phenylpropanoid glucosides, 7 flavonoids, 5 phenylethanoid glycosides, 5 lignans, 2 sesquiterpenoids, and 3 triterpenoids--were isolated, and(More)
A new labdane-type diterpenoid glucoside and two new labdane-type diterpenoids were isolated from the fruit (chasteberry) of Vitex agnus-castus L. (Verbenaceae) along with 14 known compounds comprising seven labdane-type diterpenoids, one halimane-type diterpenoid, two oleanane-type triterpenoids, two ursane-type triterpenoids, one aromadendrane-type(More)
Three novel 22-beta-O-spirostanol oligoglycosides, torvosides J (1), K (2) and L (3) have been isolated from the fruits of Solanum torvum SWARTZ and their chemical structures have been characterized based on the spectroscopic means. They are worth of note as rare 22-beta-O-spirostanol glycosides.
The tomato saponin alpha-tomatine has been proposed to kill sensitive cells by binding to cell membranes followed by leakage of cell components. However, details of the modes of action of the compound on fungal cells are poorly understood. In the present study, mechanisms involved in alpha-tomatine-induced cell death of fungi were examined using a(More)
Because foam cell formation in macrophages is believed to play an essential role in the progression of early atherosclerotic lesions in vivo, prevention of foam cell formation is considered to be one of the major targets for the treatment of atherosclerosis. The present study examined the inhibitory effect of 50 crude plant extracts on foam cell formation.(More)