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Excessive accumulation of phospholipids results in phospholipidosis (PL), which may interfere with cellular functions, leading to acute or chronic disease or even death. Electron-microscopic detection of cytoplasmic lamellar bodies is often used as a diagnostic criterion of PL, but a faster, more convenient procedure is required for high-throughput assay of(More)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is a member of the family of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that are clinically used to treat hypertriglyceridemia. The triglyceride (TG) lowering effect is likely due to an alteration in lipid metabolism in the liver, but details have not been fully elucidated. To assess the effects of EPA on hepatic TG metabolism, mice(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is considered to be involved in fat accumulation, oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis in liver, but no drug therapy has been established as yet. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an agent used clinically to treat hypertriglyceridemia, and has been reported to suppress reactive(More)
The pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains largely unknown. Here, we assessed the importance of hepatic fat accumulation on the progression of hepatitis. BALB/cA mice were fed with a standard diet (STD) or a high-fat and high-sucrose diet (HFHSD) for 14 days followed by intraperitoneal injection of d-galactosamine (DGalN) or(More)
BACKGROUND Amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide (1-40) can cause cognitive impairment. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We investigated whether dietary preadministration of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is conducive to cognition learning ability and whether it protects against the impairment of learning ability in rats infused with Abeta peptide (1-40) into the cerebral(More)
We first determined whether oxidized high-density lipoprotein (ox-HDL) activates transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Treatment for 7h with 100 microg/ml ox-HDL elicited a marked downregulation of I kappa B alpha and upregulation of the phosphorylated form of I kappa B alpha in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with fat accumulation in the liver, and develops to cirrhosis with the progression of hepatic fibrosis. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is used to treat hyperlipidemia, and suppresses hepatic fat accumulation. As the effect of EPA on NASH remains unclear, we assessed the therapeutic effect of(More)
Placebo-controlled clinical studies suggest that intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids improves neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease and schizophrenia. To evaluate the impact of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), we orally administered highly purified ethyl EPA (EPA-E) to rats at a dose of 1.0 mg/g per day and measured(More)
To understand the differences between the rat intestinal alkaline phosphatase isozymes rIAP-I and rIAP-II, we constructed structural models based on the previously determined crystal structure for human placental alkaline phosphatase (hPLAP). Our models of rIAP-I and rIAP-II displayed a typical alpha/beta topology, but the crown domain of rIAP-I contained(More)
The characteristics of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced alkaline phosphatase (AP) isozymes on the various pulmonary surfactant subtypes were investigated. We used continuous sucrose-gradient centrifugation to separate surfactant into subtypes. The density of each surfactant subtype isolated from LPS-instilled rats was greater than that of the subtypes from(More)