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  • Zhu Liu, Sai Liang, Yong Geng, Bing Xue, Fengming Xi, Ying Pan +2 others
With China's rapid economic development and urbanization process, cities are facing great challenges for tackling anthropogenic climate change. In this paper we present features, trajectories and driving forces for energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from four Chinese mega-cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing) during 1995e2009. First,(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) enables en bloc resection of early gastrointestinal neoplasms; however, most ESD articles report small series, with short-term outcomes performed by multiple operators on single organ. We assessed short- and long-term treatment outcomes following ESD for early neoplasms throughout the gastrointestinal tract.(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) activates its receptor TrkB, and promotes neuronal survival, differentiation, and synaptic functions. Furthermore, we have revealed that BDNF can also regulate cementoblast differentiation and cellular survival via TrkB-ERK/Akt signaling cascade, which, in turn, results in the induction of periodontal tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) is a tumor suppressor of cancer and appears to be an important component of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ss)-induced tumor suppression pathway. Surprisingly, we found that RUNX3 expression level in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) tissues, which is one of the most common types(More)
As the aging of the population advances, the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and/or low-dose aspirin (LDA) is increasing. Their use is accompanied by a risk of serious complications, such as hemorrhage or perforation of the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, gastroprotective strategies upon the prescription of NSAIDs/LDA are outlined in(More)
HIV infection induces phenotypic and functional changes to CD8+ T cells defined by the coordinated upregulation of a series of negative checkpoint receptors that eventually result in T cell exhaustion and failure to control viral replication. We report that effector CD8+ T cells during HIV infection in blood and SIV infection in lymphoid tissue exhibit(More)
LL37, an antimicrobial peptide, exhibits multiple bio-functions in various types of cells, including migration, cytokine production, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. Neovascularization and the subsequent recruitment of stem cells are essential for tissue engineering therapy, including bone regeneration. We hypothesized that LL37 can facilitate successful bone(More)
Two new serinolipid derivatives, shishididemniols A (1) and B (2), were isolated as antibacterial constituents of a tunicate of the family Didemnidae. The structure of 1 was elucidated by interpretation of spectral data and the application of the modified Mosher method to 1 and its suitable degradation products. Compound 2 was the chlorohydrin of 1.(More)
We evaluated 14 patients with acute cardiogenic embolism who underwent open heart surgery soon after the onset to determine the cerebral and cardiac factors that influence neurologic outcome. The mean interval from onset of cerebral embolism to surgery was 5.3 (range 1-16) days. Five of the 14 patients had vegetations from infective endocarditis (including(More)