Tsuyako Hayashida

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Ghrelin, a novel growth-hormone-releasing acylated peptide, was recently isolated from rat and human stomachs. In rat, peripheral or central administration of ghrelin stimulates the secretion of growth hormone (GH) from the pituitary gland. Recent work suggests that ghrelin plays an important role in energy homeostasis, body weight, and food intake. We(More)
Ghrelin, a 28-amino-acid peptide, has recently been isolated from the rat stomach as an endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor. We have reported previously that central or peripheral administration of ghrelin stimulates food intake, and the secretion of GH and gastric acid in rats. In the present study, we investigated how much endogenous(More)
Ghrelin, a 28 amino acid peptide, has recently been isolated from the rat stomach as an endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor. The fact that administration of ghrelin, centrally or peripherally, stimulates both food intake and GH secretion suggests that stomach ghrelin has an important role in the growth of rats. We used immunohistochemistry(More)
GH was isolated and characterized from pituitaries of a primitive bony fish, sturgeon (Acipenser güldenstädti). Sturgeon GH was very active in a mammalian GH assay, the rat tibia test. Relative to ovine GH (NIH-GH-S9), sturgeon GH gave a parallel dose-response slope and had a potency of 0.4. Sturgeon GH also showed strong cross-reaction in a snapping turtle(More)
Highly purified growth hormone was isolated from the pituitaries of two reptilian species, the snapping turtle and the sea turtle, and two amphibian species, the bullfrog and the leopard frog. Characterization studies were performed with these growth hormones in comparison with mammalian and avian growth hormones. Great similarities among these species were(More)
Receptors and various molecules in neurons are localized at precise locations to perform their respective functions, especially in synaptic sites. Among synaptic molecules, PDZ domain proteins play major roles in scaffolding and anchoring membrane proteins for efficient synaptic transmission. In the present study, we isolated CIP98, a novel protein (98 kDa)(More)
Swine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus (HEV) has been shown to have a capability to propagate via neural circuits to the central nervous system after peripheral inoculation, resulting in acute deadly encephalomyelitis in natural host piglets as well as in experimental younger rodents. This study has systematically examined the assembly and(More)