Tsutomu Yamazaki

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In recent years, Mycoplasma pneumoniae strains that are clinically resistant to macrolide antibiotics have occasionally been encountered in Japan. Of 76 strains of M. pneumoniae isolated in three different areas in Japan during 2000 to 2003, 13 strains were erythromycin (ERY) resistant. Of these 13 strains, 12 were highly ERY resistant (MIC, > or =256(More)
Macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MR M. pneumoniae) has been isolated from clinical specimens in Japan since 2000. A comparative study was carried out to determine whether or not macrolides are effective in treating patients infected with MR M. pneumoniae. The clinical courses of 11 patients with MR M. pneumoniae infection (MR patients) treated(More)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae clinical isolates obtained between 1995 and 2005 were examined to determine the prevalent genotype. One hundred and twenty-seven strains isolated from bronchitis and pneumonia patients were genotyped by a PCR-RFLP method based on nucleotide sequence polymorphisms of the p1 gene, which encodes the major adhesin protein. The typing(More)
AIM The present study evaluated the effects of pioglitazone treatment on the incidence of primary cardiovascular events in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus at high risk of stroke. METHODS A prospective, multicenter, randomized, open label, comparative study was conducted among diabetic patients recruited from 50 medical institutions(More)
Sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1c is now well established as a key transcription factor for the regulation of lipogenic enzyme genes such as FAS in hepatocytes. Meanwhile, the mechanisms of lipogenic gene regulation in adipocytes remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that those in adipocytes are independent of SREBP-1c. In adipocytes,(More)
BACKGROUND Actual data regarding coronary artery disease (CAD) patients in Japan is scarce, so in the present study a large database of Japanese patients with significant CAD was constructed for analysis of the relationship between medical treatments and outcomes in this cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS The present study enrolled 15,628 patients who underwent(More)
IMPORTANCE Prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases is an important public health priority in Japan due to an aging population. OBJECTIVE To determine whether daily, low-dose aspirin reduces the incidence of cardiovascular events in older Japanese patients with multiple atherosclerotic risk factors. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The(More)
Background Although previous clinical trials demonstrated the non-inferiority of a rate control to rhythm control strategy for management of atrial fibrillation (AF), the optimal treatment strategy for paroxysmal AF (PAF) remains unclear. Methods and Results A randomized, multicenter comparison of rate control vs rhythm control in Japanese patients with PAF(More)
Members of the Japanese Society of Pediatric Pulmonology and the Japanese Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases developed the Guidelines for the Management of Respiratory Infectious Diseases in Children with the objective of facilitating the appropriate diagnosis and treatment of childhood respiratory infections. To date, a first edition (2004) and a(More)
In vitro inhibitory effects of tea polyphenols on Chlamydia trachomatis and C. pneumoniae were investigated. A product of tea polyphenols, Polyphenon 70S was used. Chlamydial strains used were C. trachomatis D/UW-3/Cx and L(2)/434/Bu, and C. pneumoniae AR-39 and AC-43 strains. HeLa229 cells and HL cells were used for cultivation of C. trachomatis and C.(More)