Tsutomu Tagawa

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AIM Neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) that project directly to sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the spinal cord play a critical role in maintaining tonic activity in sympathetic vasomotor nerves. Intracellular recordings in vivo from putative RVLM presympathetic neurons have demonstrated that under resting conditions these neurons(More)
Physiological and anatomic methods were used to determine whether neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), or hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediate the cardiovascular response evoked from the dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus (DMH), which is believed to play a key role in mediating responses to(More)
It has been shown that nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized in the central nervous system as well as in vascular endothelial cells. However, the physiological role of NO in cardiovascular regulation by the central nervous system remains unclear. This objective of this study was to examine the possibility that NO plays a role in neural transmission in the(More)
1. Sympathetic vasomotor nerves play a major role in determining the level of arterial blood pressure and the distribution of cardiac output. The present review will discuss briefly the central regulatory mechanisms that control the sympathetic outflow to the cardiovascular system in the short and long term. 2. In the short term, the sympathetic vasomotor(More)
BACKGROUND We wished to determine the role of NO in exercise-induced metabolic forearm vasodilation. METHODS AND RESULTS Young healthy volunteers (n = 11) underwent static handgrip exercise (4 to 5 kg, 3 minutes). Forearm blood flow (FBF) measured by strain plethysmography increased from 4.1 +/- 0.7 mL.min-1.100 mL-1 at rest to 9.8 +/- 1.2 mL.min-1.100(More)
We evaluated the influence of gender on penetrance of GTP-cyclohydrolase I (GCH) gene mutations in hereditary progressive dystonia/dopa-responsive dystonia (HPD/DRD) and determined whether some apparently sporadic HPD/DRD patients owe their disorder to a de novo mutation of the GCH gene. Previous clinical investigations of HPD/DRD have shown a predominance(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared the results of bronchoplasty and bronchoplasty with pulmonary angioplasty (broncho-angioplasty). Multivariate analysis was done to determine potential prognostic factors for both procedures based on our 20-year single-center experience. METHODS Between January 1985 and December 2004, 163 bronchoplastic procedures were done in 1405(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study aimed to determine the role of nitric oxide (NO) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in bradykinin (BK)-induced dilation of human coronary arteries in vivo. BACKGROUND BK, produced by way of the kinin-kallikrein system, causes endothelium-dependent vasodilation. However, little is known about the mechanism of BK-induced(More)
Sympathoexcitatory and sympathoinhibitory neurons in the rostral and caudal ventrolateral medulla (VLM) play a crucial role in the tonic and reflex control of sympathetic vasomotor activity. Recent evidence also indicates that the VLM contains a high density of P2x purinoceptors. In this study, we investigated the cardiovascular effects of selective(More)
Long-term treatment with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is known to improve impaired endothelium-dependent relaxations of atherosclerotic blood vessels in animals and humans. However, it remains to be determined which mechanisms are involved in this beneficial effect of EPA. In this study, we investigated our hypothesis that EPA improves both nitric oxide(More)