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OBJECT The authors created a simple, broadly applicable classification of saccular intracranial aneurysms into three categories: sidewall (SW), sidewall with branching vessel (SWBV), and endwall (EW) according to the angiographically documented patterns of their parent arteries. Using computational flow dynamics analysis (CFDA) of simple models representing(More)
—To elucidate the observed current capacity behavior , a model is developed that takes into account heat transport through the entire carbon nanofiber interconnect test structure and breakdown location. The model also includes variations in contact location with the support material. The resulting predicted heat dissipation and current capacity are(More)
We applied computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis to assess 3D digital subtraction angiography findings in a patient with a giant vertebrobasilar aneurysm to simulate and compare the consequences of left and right vertebral artery occlusion. The balloon occlusion test suggested that occlusion of the right vertebral artery is the better way to treat(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We present a relatively simple approach that physicians can use to reconstruct cerebral vessels as 3D numerical grids or computational replicas. The method accurately duplicates their geometry to provide computer simulations of their blood flow. METHODS Initial images were obtained by using any medical imaging technique, such as MR(More)
In matured chick retina, alkaline phosphatase activity is specifically localized in the outer plexiform layer and in the horizontal and Müller cells. In developing chick retina, the activity is recognized in growing neurites from horizontal cells, when synaptogenesis begins in the outer plexiform layer. Using levamisole, a potent inhibitor of alkaline(More)
We applied computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis on the numerical grid of a 3D rotational digital subtraction angiogram obtained in a 22-year-old male patient, with an accidentally discovered vein of Galen malformation associated with single feeder aneurysm, to understand the flow pattern through the two aneurysms and improve our general understanding(More)
A 48-year-old man with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) presented with a right pleural effusion. A 3D computed tomography (CT) angiogram showed an aneurysm of the right 11th intercostal artery. He had no history of chest trauma so we diagnosed a spontaneous rupture of the aneurysm causing a massive effusion. We opened his pleural cavity and found lacerated(More)
To study the reliability of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) under high-current stress, electrical measurements of CNF breakdown are performed for four configurations: (a) suspended, (b) supported, (c) suspended with tungsten deposited onto the CNF-electrode contact, and (d) supported with tungsten deposition. Supported CNF has enhanced current capacity, consistent(More)