Tsutomu Ogata

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Male embryonic mice with mutations in the X-linked aristaless-related homeobox gene (Arx) developed with small brains due to suppressed proliferation and regional deficiencies in the forebrain. These mice also showed aberrant migration and differentiation of interneurons containing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAergic interneurons) in the ganglionic eminence(More)
Growth retardation resulting in short stature is a major concern for parents and due to its great variety of causes, a complex diagnostic challenge for clinicians. A major locus involved in linear growth has been implicated within the pseudoautosomal region (PAR1) of the human sex chromosomes. We have determined an interval of 170 kb of DNA within PAR1(More)
Differential methylation between the two alleles of a gene has been observed in imprinted regions, where the methylation of one allele occurs on a parent-of-origin basis, the inactive X-chromosome in females, and at those loci whose methylation is driven by genetic variants. We have extensively characterized imprinted methylation in a substantial range of(More)
Human chromosome 14q32.2 carries a cluster of imprinted genes including paternally expressed genes (PEGs) such as DLK1 and RTL1 and maternally expressed genes (MEGs) such as MEG3 (also known as GTL2), RTL1as (RTL1 antisense) and MEG8 (refs. 1,2), together with the intergenic differentially methylated region (IG-DMR) and the MEG3-DMR. Consistent with this,(More)
Genomic imprinting causes genes to be expressed or repressed depending on their parental origin. The majority of imprinted genes identified to date map in clusters and much of our knowledge of the mechanisms, function and evolution of imprinting have emerged from their analysis. The cluster of imprinted genes delineated by the delta-like homolog 1 gene and(More)
X-linked nonspecific mental retardation (MRX) has a frequency of 0.15% in the male population and is caused by defects in several different genes on the human X chromosome. Genotype-phenotype correlations in male patients with a partial nullisomy of the X chromosome have suggested that at least one locus involved in MRX is on Xp22.3. Previous deletion(More)
Human chromosome 14q32.2 harbors the germline-derived primary DLK1-MEG3 intergenic differentially methylated region (IG-DMR) and the postfertilization-derived secondary MEG3-DMR, together with multiple imprinted genes. Although previous studies in cases with microdeletions and epimutations affecting both DMRs and paternal/maternal uniparental disomy 14-like(More)
Although clinical features in Turner syndrome have been well defined, underlying genetic factors have not been clarified. To deduce the factors leading to the development of clinical features, we took the following four steps: (1) assessment of clinical features in classic 45,X Turner syndrome; (2) review of clinical features in various female sex(More)
Short stature, with an incidence of 3 in 100, is a fairly frequent disorder in children. Idiopathic short stature refers to patients who are short due to various unknown reasons. Mutations of a human homeobox gene, SHOX (short stature homeobox), have recently been shown to be associated with the short stature phenotype in patients with Turner syndrome and(More)
We report on molecular and clinical findings in 10 Japanese patients (four males and six females) from eight families (two pairs of siblings and six isolated cases) with Antley-Bixler syndrome accompanied by abnormal genitalia and/or impaired steroidogenesis. Direct sequencing was performed for all the 15 exons of cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase gene (POR),(More)