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Inhibitors of VEGF signaling can block angiogenesis and reduce tumor vascularity, but little is known about the reversibility of these changes after treatment ends. In the present study, regrowth of blood vessels in spontaneous RIP-Tag2 tumors and implanted Lewis lung carcinomas in mice was assessed after inhibition of VEGF receptor signaling by AG-013736(More)
Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) is activated by serine proteases, such as trypsin and mast cell tryptase. Recently, we have shown that activators of PAR-2 contract the rat urinary bladder mainly by stimulating release of prostaglandins (PGs) from the mucosal layer. In the present study, we investigated how the PAR-2-mediated responses are altered in(More)
Possible involvement of Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) was examined in protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2)-mediated contraction of the rat urinary bladder. Both PAR-2 activating peptide (PAR-2 AP; SLIGRL-NH2) and trypsin produced a concentration-dependent contractile response in the urinary bladder preparations. These contractions were(More)
Brief ischemia was reported to protect retinal cells against injury induced by subsequent ischemia-reperfusion with de novo protein synthesis, and this phenomenon is known as late ischemic preconditioning. The aims of the present study were to determine whether nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was involved in the mechanism of late ischemic preconditioning in rat(More)
The role of protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) in the regulation of the rat urinary bladder contractility was investigated. Both trypsin and PAR-2 activating peptide (SLIGRL-NH(2)) produced a concentration-dependent contractile response in the urinary bladder preparations. These contractions were abolished by removal of the urinary bladder mucosa and(More)
Oxaliplatin frequently causes peripheral neuropathy. Clinical studies have indicated that pregabalin ameliorates oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. However, pregabalin frequently causes dizziness and somnolence. We previously reported that elcatonin, a synthetic analog of eel calcitonin, attenuated oxaliplatin-induced cold and mechanical allodynia(More)
The aim of this study was to examine whether stimulation of beta(3)-adrenoceptors dilates rat retinal blood vessels and how diabetes affects the vasodilator responses. Images of ocular fundus were captured with an original high-resolution digital fundus camera in vivo. The retinal vascular responses were evaluated by measuring diameter of retinal blood(More)
We previously reported that vascular endothelial functions in both retinal and systemic circulation are impaired 6-8 weeks after induction of hyperglycemia with streptozotocin (STZ) in rats. However, it remains to be elucidated whether the period required for the onset of endothelial dysfunction is different, depending on vascular beds and severity of(More)
Diabetes alters retinal hemodynamics, but little is known about the impact of diabetes on the role of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in the regulation of retinal circulation. Therefore, we examined how diabetes affects the nitric oxide- and prostaglandin-independent vasodilation of retinal arterioles induced by acetylcholine. Male Wistar(More)
We investigated the effects of epinephrine and dopamine on retinal blood vessels in streptozotocin (STZ, 80 mg/kg, i.p.)-treated rats and age-matched control rats to determine whether diabetes mellitus alters the retinal vascular responses to circulating catecholamines. Experiments were performed 6-8 weeks after treatment with STZ or the vehicle. The fundus(More)