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The mechanism of action of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) in osteoclast development was examined in a co-culture system of mouse osteoblastic cells and spleen cells. In this co-culture, osteoclast-like multinucleated cells (MNCs) were formed within 6 d in response to 10 nM 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 added only for the final 2 d of culture.(More)
We have isolated a novel hypothalamic peptide, Galanin-like peptide (GALP), as a ligand for galanin receptor subtype GalR2. To investigate the physiological role of GALP, we examined the effect of the intracerebroventricular administration of GALP and found that GALP induced food intakes. GALP had ten-fold the orexigenic activity of galanin. We also(More)
Motoneurons need muscle-derived neurotrophic substances for their survival during the initial phase of their development, but after maturation they lose this requirement and can survive after axotomy. This suggests that some neurotrophic substances other than target-derived ones control the survival of motoneurons in adults. Because spinal motoneurons(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-9, initially referred to as a glia-activating factor, is a recently identified member of the FGF family. In the present study we demonstrated that spinal cord motor neurons and dorsal root ganglion neurons were strongly immunostained with specific antibodies to FGF-9 in human and rat tissues. By in situ hybridization using(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-9 (FGF-9) is a relatively new member of the FGF family isolated from the conditioned medium of a human glioblastoma cell line as a secreting-type factor that exhibits a growth-stimulating effect on cultured glial cells. In order to elucidate the roles of FGF-9 in the central nervous system, we investigated in detail the distribution(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF-9) is a relatively new member of the FGF family isolated from the conditioned medium of a human glioblastoma cell line as a secreting type factor that exhibits a growth-stimulating effect on primary glial cells. To elucidate the roles of FGF-9 in human brain tumors, the expression and biological activities of FGF-9(More)
We examined the effect of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-9 on primary cultures of rat basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCN) obtained at embryonic day 17. FGF-9 enhanced survival of AChE-positive neurons, increased their mean soma size, and up-regulated their choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity. The ChAT-promoting effect of FGF-9 was approximately(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying the endogenous RNA induced silencing complex(RISC)-associated RNAs is essential for understanding the cellular regulatory networks by miRNAs. Recently, isolation of RISC-associated mRNAs using antibody was reported, but their method needs a large amount of initial materials. We tried to improve the protocol and constructed an(More)
We identified urotensin II (U-II) as the endogenous ligand for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR14 or SENR. Both U-II and GPR14 are expressed not only in peripheral tissues but also in the brain of rodents, suggesting that U-II plays a physiological role in the central nervous system. In the present study, we investigated the central effects of U-II(More)
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