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Accumulating evidence suggests that in the vertebrate embryo, acquisition of arterial and venous identity is established early by genetic mechanisms, including those regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Notch signaling. However, although the COUP-TFII nuclear receptor has recently been shown to regulate vein identity, very little is(More)
Extrinsic signals controlling generation of neocortical neurons during embryonic life have been difficult to identify. In this study we demonstrate that the dorsal forebrain meninges communicate with the adjacent radial glial endfeet and influence cortical development. We took advantage of Foxc1 mutant mice with defects in forebrain meningeal formation.(More)
Mf1 encodes a forkhead/winged helix transcription factor expressed in many embryonic tissues, including prechondrogenic mesenchyme, periocular mesenchyme, meninges, endothelial cells, and kidney. Homozygous null Mf1lacZ mice die at birth with hydrocephalus, eye defects, and multiple skeletal abnormalities identical to those of the classical mutant,(More)
The murine Foxc1/Mf1 and Foxc2/Mfh1 genes encode closely related forkhead/winged helix transcription factors with overlapping expression in the forming somites and head mesoderm and endothelial and mesenchymal cells of the developing heart and blood vessels. Embryos lacking either Foxc1 or Foxc2, and most compound heterozygotes, die pre- or perinatally with(More)
Haploinsufficiency of Tbx1 is likely a major determinant of cardiac and craniofacial birth defects associated with DiGeorge syndrome. Although mice deficient in Tbx1 exhibit pharyngeal and aortic arch defects, the developmental program and mechanisms through which Tbx1 functions are relatively unknown. We identified a single cis-element upstream of Tbx1(More)
Mf1, which encodes a winged-helix/forkhead transcription factor, is the murine homolog of human FKHL7, mutated in individuals with autosomal dominant inherited dysgenesis of the anterior segment of the eye (Axenfeld-Reiger anomaly). Mouse embryos homozygous for null mutations in Mf1 (Mf1(lacZ) and Mf1(ch)) show severely abnormal development of the anterior(More)
Anterior segment developmental disorders, including Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly (ARA), variably associate with harmfully elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), which causes glaucoma. Clinically observed dysgenesis does not correlate with IOP, however, and the etiology of glaucoma development is not understood. The forkhead transcription factor genes Foxc1(More)
The murine genes, Foxc1 and Foxc2 (previously, Mf1 and Mfh1), encode forkhead/winged helix transcription factors with virtually identical DNA-binding domains and overlapping expression patterns in various embryonic tissues. Foxc1/Mf1 is disrupted in the mutant, congenital hydrocephalus (Foxc1/Mf1(ch)), which has multiple developmental defects. We show here(More)
Genetic linkage, genome mismatch scanning, and analysis of patients with alterations of chromosome 6 have indicated that a major locus for development of the anterior segment of the eye, IRID1, is located at 6p25. Abnormalities of this locus lead to glaucoma. FKHL7 (also called "FREAC3"), a member of the forkhead/winged-helix transcription-factor family,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that in the developing embryo, arterial and venous identity is established by genetic mechanisms before circulation begins. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling and its downstream Notch pathway play critical roles in arterial cell fate determination. We have recently shown that Foxc1 and Foxc2, two closely(More)