Tsutomu Kodaki

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Bioethanol production from xylose is important for utilization of lignocellulosic biomass as raw materials. The research on yeast conversion of xylose to ethanol has been intensively studied especially for genetically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae during the last 20 years. S. cerevisiae, which is a very safe microorganism that plays a traditional and(More)
Pichia stipitis NAD(+)-dependent xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH), a medium-chain dehydrogenase/reductase, is one of the key enzymes in ethanol fermentation from xylose. For the construction of an efficient biomass-ethanol conversion system, we focused on the two areas of XDH, 1) change of coenzyme specificity from NAD(+) to NADP(+) and 2) thermostabilization by(More)
A recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain transformed with xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) genes from Pichia stipitis (PsXR and PsXDH, respectively) has the ability to convert xylose to ethanol together with the unfavourable excretion of xylitol, which may be due to intercellular redox imbalance caused by the different coenzyme(More)
Effects of reversal coenzyme specificity toward NADP+ and thermostabilization of xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) from Pichia stipitis on fermentation of xylose to ethanol were estimated using a recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing together with a native xylose reductase from P. stipitis. The mutated XDHs performed the similar enzyme properties in S.(More)
The recombinant industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain MA-R5 was engineered to express NADP(+)-dependent xylitol dehydrogenase using the flocculent yeast strain IR-2, which has high xylulose-fermenting ability, and both xylose consumption and ethanol production remarkably increased. Furthermore, the MA-R5 strain produced the highest ethanol yield (0.48(More)
We focused on the effects of a mutation of xylose reductase from Pichia stipitis (PsXR) on xylose-to-ethanol fermentation using recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae transformed with PsXR and PsXDH (xylitol dehydrogenase from P. stipitis) genes. Based on inherent NADH-preferring XR and several site-directed mutagenetic studies using other aldo-keto reductase(More)
Azospirillum brasiliense converts L-arabinose to alpha-ketoglutarate via five hypothetical enzymatic steps. We purified and characterized L-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.46), catalyzing the conversion of L-arabinose to L-arabino-gamma-lactone as an enzyme responsible for the first step of this alternative pathway of L-arabinose metabolism. The(More)
Efficient conversion of xylose to ethanol is an essential factor for commercialization of lignocellulosic ethanol. To minimize production of xylitol, a major by-product in xylose metabolism and concomitantly improve ethanol production, Saccharomyces cerevisiae D452-2 was engineered to overexpress NADH-preferable xylose reductase mutant (XR(MUT)) and(More)
A recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain transformed with xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) genes from Pichia stipitis has the ability to convert xylose to ethanol together with the unfavorable excretion of xylitol, which may be due to cofactor imbalance between NADPH-preferring XR and NAD+-dependent XDH. To reduce xylitol(More)
Azospirillum brasiliense possesses an alternative pathway of L-arabinose metabolism, different from the known bacterial and fungal pathways. In the preceding articles, we identified and characterized L-arabinose-1-dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutaric semialdehyde dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the first and final reaction steps in this pathway, respectively(More)