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A series of GN8 derivatives were synthesized from various diamines, carboxylic acid derivatives, and nitrogen nucleophiles, and their antiprion activity was tested in TSE-infected mouse neuronal cells. We found that two ethylenediamine units, hydrophobic substituents on the nitrogen atoms, and the diphenylmethane scaffold were essential structural features… (More)
To develop a rat T-cell-dependent antibody response (TDAR) model evaluating both primary and secondary antibody responses, keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) was used to immunize rats twice during a 14-day course of study, a pattern closely linked to that of a short-term general toxicity study. Female rats of four representative strains (e.g., Sprague-Dawley,… (More)
P-Chiral alkyl or aryl phenylphosphinoselenoic chlorides were obtained by reacting PhPCl(2) with Grignard reagents and elemental selenium. P-Chiral dialkyl chlorides were also obtained by treating PCl(3) with two different Grignard reagents and elemental selenium. The structure of the chloride was determined by X-ray molecular structure analysis. P-Chiral… (More)
A radiolabeled PET! A (11) C-labeled derivative of N,N'-(methylenedi-4,1-phenylene)bis[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) acetamide] (GN8), an antiprion agent currently under development, was synthesized by palladium-catalyzed rapid methylation of aryltributylstannane and assessed for brain penetration and organ distribution in rats by positron emission tomography (PET).
[reaction: see text] Phosphinoselenothioic acid ammonium salts were synthesized in good yields by reacting phosphinoselenothioic acid S-[2-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl] esters with ammonium fluorides. Phosphinoselenothioic acid alkali metal salts were obtained as 18-crown-6 ether complexes with high efficiency by treating the esters with alkali metal fluorides and… (More)
Prion diseases, also known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, are fatal neurodegenerative disorders for which no effective curative or prophylactic method has been established. Recently, we discovered a novel antiprion compound, GN8. Administration of GN8 was found to prolong the survival of prion-infected mice. The aim of this study was to… (More)
Reaction of diastereomerically pure phosphinoselenoic acid salts with oxalyl chloride leads to enantiomerically pure P-chiral phosphinoselenoic chlorides with inversion of configuration at phosphorus; one of these chlorides is converted to a phosphinoselenothioic acid salt with a high degree of enantioselectivity.