Tsung-Yuan Tsai

Learn More
Upon environmental insults, SGs (stress granules) aid cell survival by serving as sites of translational silencing. RNA helicase DDX3 was reported to associate with SGs. However, its role in SG physiology remains undefined. We have demonstrated previously that DDX3 acts as an eIF4E (eukaryotic initiation factor 4E)-inhibitory protein to suppress(More)
PURPOSE Accurate measurement of the three-dimensional (3D) rigid body and surface kinematics of the natural human knee is essential for many clinical applications. Existing techniques are limited either in their accuracy or lack more realistic experimental evaluation of the measurement errors. The purposes of the study were to develop a volumetric(More)
Measurement of the changes of the three-dimensional (3D) motion and surface kinematics of the knee under different external loading conditions is essential for the understanding and evaluation of the function of the joint, as well as for relevant clinical applications. Knee extension exercise (KEE) has been applied extensively in the rehabilitation programs(More)
Achieving high flexion is an objective of contemporary total knee arthoplasty; however little is known on the knee biomechanics at high flexion under weight-bearing conditions. This study investigates the 6DOF kinematics and tibiofemoral cartilage contact biomechanics of the knee during weight-bearing flexion from full extension to maximal flexion. Eight(More)
Accurate knowledge of tibiofemoral articular contact kinematics of the knee after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is important for understanding the intrinsic knee biomechanics and improving the longevity of the components. The objective of this study was to compare the in vivo articular contact kinematics of the knees with end-stage medial osteoarthritis(More)
BACKGROUND The posterolateral corner (PLC) resists tibial varus angulation, external rotation, and, to a lesser extent, posterior translation. It is important that reconstructions of posterolateral knee injuries restore joint laxity and patient function, but residual laxities are often observed. HYPOTHESIS The knee laxity after a new 4-strand PLC(More)
Biomechanics of the knee during stair-ascent has mostly been studied using skin-marker-based motion analysis techniques, but no study has reported a complete assessment of the soft tissue artifacts (STA) and their effects on the calculated joint center translation, angles and moments at the knee in normal subjects during this activity. This study aimed to(More)
Component orientations and positions in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are important parameters in restoring hip function. However, measurements using plain radiographs and 2D computed tomography (CT) slices are affected by patient position during imaging. This study used 3D CT to determine whether contemporary THA restores native hip geometry. Fourteen(More)
Accurate measurement of six-degrees-of-freedom in-vivo kinematics of the total hip arthroplasty (THA) is essential in gaining insights into in-vivo THA performance. The objective of this study was to validate a novel dual fluoroscopy imaging system (DFIS) for determination of the THA kinematics using both in-vitro and in-vivo approaches. The in-vitro(More)
Three-dimensional knee models of 148 Chinese (61 males, 87 female) and of 127 Caucasian (79 male, 48 female) were constructed. The anteroposterior (fAP, tAP) and mediolateral (fML, tML) dimensions of cross-section of the femur and tibia after simulated TKA bony resection were measured. Females have smaller femoral aspect ratios (fML/fAP) than males(More)