Tsuneyuki Ubagai

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In the present study we have established novel intermittent protocols featuring a high fat (HF) diet for efficient induction of large intestinal tumors with a relatively small amount of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). In protocol 1, F344 male rats were first fed a diet containing 400 p.p.m. PhIP for 2 weeks, followed by continuous(More)
Colon cancers have been shown to develop after accumulation of multiple genetic and epigenetic alterations with changes in global gene expression profiles, contributing to the establishment of widely diverse phenotypes. Transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression by small RNA species, such as the small interfering RNA and microRNA(More)
The effects of aflatoxin (AF), a hepatotoxic agent and the strongest carcinogen in nature, on polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) chemotaxis and chemiluminescence (CL) were studied. Luminol-dependent CL activity, which reflects the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from PMNs, was up-regulated to approximately 150% when PMNs were treated with 0.05(More)
The multistage model of colon carcinogenesis is well established in both humans and experimental animals, and aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are generally assumed to be putative preneoplastic lesions of the colon. However, morphological analyses of ACF have suggested that they are highly heterogeneous in nature and their role in tumorigenesis is still(More)
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is one of the most abundant heterocyclic amines contained in cooked meat and fish, and induces aberrant crypt foci (ACF), putative preneoplastic lesions of the colon, and colon cancers in male rats when administered orally. As has been reported previously, F344 rats are susceptible to induction of ACF(More)
We have previously reported that the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1), a major hnRNP, binds to G-rich repetitive sequences and quadruplex (G4') structures in DNA, including the 5'-TTAGGG-3' telomere repeat and 5'-GGCAG-3' short-tandem-repeat. DNA synthesis arrest at the (GGG) sites within these repeats in vitro was retrieved by the(More)
Severe combined immunodeficiency (Scid) mice have defects in V(D)J recombination and DNA double-strand breaks repair caused by an inherited genetic defect in the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs). Scid mice are highly susceptible to development of T-cell lymphomas, and because of the nature of its association with DNA repair and(More)
Colon cancers develop through accumulation of multiple genetic and epigenetic alterations in colon epithelial cells, and the environment of the genetically altered epithelial cells may also have a substantial impact on their further development to cancer. In the present study, groups of 6-week-old F344 and ACI male rats, the former strain being susceptible(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess changes of cell membrane antigens on neutrophils in septic patients. Expression levels of neutrophil membrane antigens were measured employing a FACS calibur flow cytometer with several fluorescence-labeled monoclonal antibodies. Expression levels of the CD14 antigen were higher in patients with sepsis than in(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) can be divided into Gr-1(high) and Gr-1(low) subpopulations, but the differences in the functions of these cells in the host are unknown. This study investigated the roles of these two cell populations in the clearance of an intracellular pathogen (Haemophilus influenzae) causing murine peritonitis and pneumonia.(More)