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The Purkinje fibers are located in the ventricular walls of the heart, just beneath the endocardium and conduct excitation from the right and left bundle branches to the ventricular myocardium. Recently, anatomists succeeded in photographing the Purkinje fibers of a sheep, which clearly showed the mesh structure of the Purkinje fibers. In this study, we(More)
Distribution of the messenger RNA for the prostaglandin E receptor subtype EP3 was investigated by in situ hybridization in the nervous system of the mouse. The hybridization signals for EP3 were widely distributed in the brain and sensory ganglia and specifically localized to neurons. In the dorsal root and trigeminal ganglia, about half of the neurons(More)
The K2K experiment observes indications of neutrino oscillation: a reduction of nu(mu) flux together with a distortion of the energy spectrum. Fifty-six beam neutrino events are observed in Super-Kamiokande (SK), 250 km from the neutrino production point, with an expectation of 80.1(+6.2)(-5.4). Twenty-nine one ring mu-like events are used to reconstruct(More)
Peptide hormones, neurotransmitters, and autacoids activate a family of seven-transmembrane-domain receptors. Each of these receptors specifically couples to one of several G proteins, Gs, Gi, G(o) and Gp, to activate a specific second messenger system. Cell surface receptors for prostanoids have been characterized pharmacologically and the complementary(More)
Takanori 1keda2, and Kazuo ~ a k a z a w a " ~ Chapter Overview. We present an electrophysiological heart simulator equipped with sketchy 3-D modeling interface. It has been tedious and time-consuming to create the shape of heart for use it in the simulator. In this study, we developed a new simulator that is combined with a sketch-based 3-D modeling(More)
To investigate the role of non-NMDA receptors in epileptic seizures, we examined the antiepileptogenic and anticonvulsant effects of NBQX (2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoyl-benzo(F)-quinoxaline), a potent and selective AMPA receptor antagonist, in the rat kindling model. Systemic administration of 10-40 mg/kg NBQX significantly and dose dependently(More)
RATIONALE Electrogram-based catheter ablation, targeting complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs), is empirically known to be effective in halting persistent/permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the mechanisms underlying CFAEs and electrogram-based ablation remain unclear. OBJECTIVE Because atrial fibrosis is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess the effects of pilsicainide, a pure sodium channel blocker, on electrophysiological action and wavefront dynamics during atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS In a newly developed model of isolated, perfused, and superfused canine atria (n=12), the right and left endocardia were mapped simultaneously by use of(More)
Muon neutrino disappearance probability as a function of neutrino flight length L over neutrino energy E was studied. A dip in the L/E distribution was observed in the data, as predicted from the sinusoidal flavor transition probability of neutrino oscillation. The observed L/E distribution constrained nu(micro)<-->nu(tau) neutrino oscillation parameters;(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been reported that electrical stimulation can control spiral wave (SW) reentry. However, previous research does not account for the effects of stimulus-induced virtual electrode polarization (VEP) and the ensuing cathode-break (CB) excitation. The aim of the present study was to examine the interaction of VEP with SW reentry in a(More)