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Rickettsia conorii, an obligate intracellular tick-borne pathogen and the causative agent of Mediterranean spotted fever, binds to and invades non-phagocytic mammalian cells. Previous work identified Ku70 as a mammalian receptor involved in the invasion process and identified the rickettsial autotransporter protein, rOmpB, as a ligand; however, little is(More)
The narrow host range of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is caused in part by innate cellular factors such as apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme-catalytic polypeptide-like 3G (APOBEC3G) and TRIM5alpha, which restrict virus replication in monkey cells. Variant HIV-1 molecular clones containing both a 21-nucleotide simian immunodeficiency virus(More)
Envelope viruses maturate by macromolecule assembly and budding. To investigate these steps, we generated virus-like particles (VLPs) by co-expression of structural proteins of Sendai virus (SeV), a prototype of the family Paramyxoviridae. Simultaneous expression of matrix (M), nucleo- (N), fusion (F), and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) proteins resulted(More)
We previously demonstrated that the expression in cells of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vif is maintained at low level by proteasome-degradation. We examined the contribution of 16 lysines present in Vif (NL432 clone), which is composed of 192 amino acids (aa), to its expression within cells and to viral infectivity for non-permissive cells.(More)
The matrix (M) protein of Sendai virus (SeV) has five cysteine residues, at positions 83, 106, 158, 251, and 295. To determine the roles of the cysteine residues in viral assembly, we generated mutant M cDNA possessing a substitution to serine at one of the cysteine residues or at all of the cysteine residues. Some mutant M proteins were unstable when(More)
Recombinant Escherichia coli expressing the outer membrane protein rOmpB of rickettsiae on the surface were generated. The DNA corresponding to the open reading frame of the ompB gene of a spotted fever group rickettsia, Rickettsia japonica, was amplified by polymerase chain reaction. The amplified fragment was inserted between the Sal I and the Xho I sites(More)
Immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated antigenic heat-stable 120- to 130-kilodalton proteins (PS120) of spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsiae with antiserum against recombinant PS120 of Rickettsia japonica. In the case of R. japonica, a major part of the protein was shown to be localized outside the electron-lucent nucleoid-like region in the cytoplasm of(More)
The role of one of the major outer membrane proteins, rOmpB, of spotted fever group rickettsiae was examined. Antibodies generated against native rOmpB inhibited plaque formation by Rickettsia japonica in Vero cells when applied at the time of inoculation of the rickettsiae. However, antibodies to heat-denatured rOmpB did not. Moreover, the soluble(More)
hypereosinophilia is an early warning sign, as seroconversion and egg excretion may be slower to evolve. Both elements provide sufficient cir-cumstantial evidence to strongly suspect the diagnosis (2). In this case, the full-blown Katayama syndrome contributed to the evidence. Praziquantel only kills adult worms and does not inactivate schis-tosomules, nor(More)
The obligate intracellular parasitic bacteria rickettsiae are more closely related to mitochondria than any other microbes investigated to date. A rickettsial putative peptidase (RPP) was found to resemble the alpha and beta subunits of mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP), which cleaves the transport signal sequences of mitochondrial preproteins. RPP(More)