Tsuneo Uchiyama

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The narrow host range of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is caused in part by innate cellular factors such as apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme-catalytic polypeptide-like 3G (APOBEC3G) and TRIM5alpha, which restrict virus replication in monkey cells. Variant HIV-1 molecular clones containing both a 21-nucleotide simian immunodeficiency virus(More)
Rickettsia conorii, an obligate intracellular tick-borne pathogen and the causative agent of Mediterranean spotted fever, binds to and invades non-phagocytic mammalian cells. Previous work identified Ku70 as a mammalian receptor involved in the invasion process and identified the rickettsial autotransporter protein, rOmpB, as a ligand; however, little is(More)
The role of one of the major outer membrane proteins, rOmpB, of spotted fever group rickettsiae was examined. Antibodies generated against native rOmpB inhibited plaque formation by Rickettsia japonica in Vero cells when applied at the time of inoculation of the rickettsiae. However, antibodies to heat-denatured rOmpB did not. Moreover, the soluble(More)
Envelope viruses maturate by macromolecule assembly and budding. To investigate these steps, we generated virus-like particles (VLPs) by co-expression of structural proteins of Sendai virus (SeV), a prototype of the family Paramyxoviridae. Simultaneous expression of matrix (M), nucleo- (N), fusion (F), and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) proteins resulted(More)
Recombinant Escherichia coli expressing the outer membrane protein rOmpB of rickettsiae on the surface were generated. The DNA corresponding to the open reading frame of the ompB gene of a spotted fever group rickettsia, Rickettsia japonica, was amplified by polymerase chain reaction. The amplified fragment was inserted between the Sal I and the Xho I sites(More)
hypereosinophilia is an early warning sign, as seroconversion and egg excretion may be slower to evolve. Both elements provide sufficient circumstantial evidence to strongly suspect the diagnosis (2). In this case, the full-blown Katayama syndrome contributed to the evidence. Praziquantel only kills adult worms and does not inactivate schistosomules, nor(More)
We examined various HIV-1 Vif mutants for interaction with APOBEC3 proteins (A3G/A3F). All replication-defective proviral mutants were found to carry A3G/A3F in virions, and of these, a replication-defective mutant with Vif that binds to A3G in cells but not in virions was noted. Furthermore, a mutant Vif protein that suppresses A3F activity but does not(More)
Mammalian cells store excess fatty acids in the form of triglycerides within lipid droplets. The intracellular bacterium Orientia tsutsugamush is the causative agent of severe human rickettiosis. We found that O. tsutsugamushi infection induces the formation of lipid droplets in mouse L-929 fibroblasts. In infected cells, a parallel increase in the number(More)
We previously demonstrated that the expression in cells of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vif is maintained at low level by proteasome-degradation. We examined the contribution of 16 lysines present in Vif (NL432 clone), which is composed of 192 amino acids (aa), to its expression within cells and to viral infectivity for non-permissive cells.(More)
The matrix (M) protein of Sendai virus (SeV) has five cysteine residues, at positions 83, 106, 158, 251, and 295. To determine the roles of the cysteine residues in viral assembly, we generated mutant M cDNA possessing a substitution to serine at one of the cysteine residues or at all of the cysteine residues. Some mutant M proteins were unstable when(More)