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Neurons destined for the cerebral neocortex are formed in the pseudostratified ventricular epithelium (PVE) lining the ventricular cavity of the developing cerebral wall. The present study, based upon cumulative S-phase labeling with bromodeoxyuridine, is an analysis of cell cycle parameters of the PVE. It is undertaken in the dorsomedial cerebral wall of(More)
1. Excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) were recorded under whole-cell voltage clamp from granule cells in slices of rat cerebellum. EPSCs from individual mossy fibre inputs were identified by their all-or-none appearance in response to a graded stimulus. Excitatory synaptic transmission was investigated at room temperature (approximately 24 degrees C)(More)
Cytogenesis is the critical determinant of the total number of neurons that contribute to the formation of the cerebral cortex and the rate at which the cells are produced. Two distinct cell populations constitute the proliferative population, a pseudostratified ventricular epithelium (PVE) lying within the ventricular zone (VZ) at the margin of the(More)
(1) A preparation is described which allows patch clamp recordings to be made on mammalian central nervous system (CNS) neurones in situ. (2) A vibrating tissue slicer was used to cut thin slices in which individual neurones could be identified visually. Localized cleaning of cell somata with physiological saline freed the cell membrane, allowing the(More)
1. The presynaptic calcium current (IpCa) was recorded from the calyx of Held in rat brainstem slices using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. 2. Tetanic activation of IpCa by 1 ms depolarizing voltage steps markedly enhanced the amplitude of IpCa. Using a paired pulse protocol, the second (test) response was facilitated with inter-pulse intervals of(More)
1. Postnatal development of synaptic efficacy was studied at a single glutamatergic synapse formed by the calyx of Held in the rat brainstem. Throughout postnatal development from day 7 (P7) to day 14 (P14), both the excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) evoked at a basal frequency (0.05 Hz) and spontaneous miniature EPSCs (mEPSCs) remained similar in(More)
Central auditory relay synapses in mature animals follow high-frequency inputs for computation of sound localization. In immature mice, however, transmission at the calyx of Held synapse in auditory brainstem was inaccurate for high-frequency inputs because the summed slow synaptic potential components caused aberrant firings or blocked action potentials.(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) regulate transmitter release at mammalian central synapses. However, because of the difficulty of recording from mammalian presynaptic terminals, the mechanism underlying mGluR-mediated presynaptic inhibition is not known. Here, simultaneous recordings from a giant presynaptic terminal, the calyx of Held, and its(More)
The present report is an analysis of the proliferative behavior of the secondary proliferative population (SPP) of the dorsomedial region of the embryonic mouse cerebral wall. It is based upon experiments undertaken on embryonic days 14-16 (E14-E16) and exploits methods in which proliferative cells are labeled in S phase with either or both(More)
This paper investigates the role of the central nucleus of the barn owl's inferior colliculus in determination of the sound-source azimuth. The central nucleus contains many neurons that are sensitive to interaural time difference (ITD), the cue for azimuth in the barn owl. The response of these neurons varies in a cyclic manner with the ITD of a tone or(More)