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BACKGROUND Vascular abnormalities are a major cause of postoperative complications in irradiated tissues. Endothelial cell dysfunction characterized by diminished endothelium-dependent relaxation may be involved. We examined the endothelium-dependent relaxation and morphology of the endothelium in irradiated human cervical arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
HOX genes act as master genes to control morphogenesis. In human, HOX genes form 4 clusters composing 9 to 11 HOX genes (39 genes in total) on different chromosomes. We hypothesized that aberrant expression of HOX genes was associated with development and subsequent progression of melanoma and that the 39 HOX gene expression pattern determined the sites(More)
The expression of c-fos, c-myc, Ha-ras, N-ras, EGF-receptor, and cardiac actin genes was examined in 7 normal epidermis, 3 cellular nevi, and 8 skin tumors including 6 malignant and 2 benign tumors of human origin. These genes were transcribed in most normal and tumor tissues, though no tumor-specific expression of proto-oncogenes (c-fos, c-myc, Ha-ras, and(More)
Multiple cerebral infarctions were observed in a patient with refractory idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura who was positive for lupus anticoagulant (LAC) when her platelet counts were 2000 microL-1. It is suspected that LAC may have played an important role in the pathogenesis of this patient's cerebral infarctions, although she had severe(More)
For the treatment of melanoma of thumb, the evidence about amputation level (IP joint or MP joint) and cutaneous excision margin has not been fully presented. And reconstructions for lost thumbs need to be balanced against functional and aesthetic requirements of individual patients and overall prognosis. We report 15 patients, who underwent primary(More)
Midface osteotomy was performed on 5 young adult sheep aged 10-12 months. In 4 animals midface advancement by gradual distraction was performed using an external device; one animal served as a control. The midface was advanced by 2 mm per day for 21 days. The amount of advancement was 36 mm in the nasofrontal area and 43 mm on the lateral aspect of the(More)
BACKGROUND In extramammary Paget's disease, compared with patients with carcinoma in situ (CIS), patients with malignancies underlying dermis and subcutaneous tissues or lymph node metastasis appear to have a much worse prognosis. OBJECTIVE The purpose was to examine our extramammary Paget's diseases patients in terms of pathological tumor invasion, lymph(More)
1. The relaxant actions of acetylcholine and A23187 were examined in the rabbit central ear artery at different intervals following exposure to different doses of radiation with a cobalt60 unit. The artery was irradiated with a dose of 10 Gy, 20 Gy and 45 Gy. Radiation caused dose- and time-dependent impairment of the endothelium-dependent relaxations. The(More)
The gluteal maximus muscle has been used in the treatment of sacral pressure sores since the 1970s. However, it is noted that the muscle portion of the transferred flap shows highly atrophic degeneration and the muscle itself is not suitable tissue for covering the pressure-bearing area. We have managed various fasciocutaneous flaps as the first choice for(More)
We report our experience using "turbo charging" of the vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (turbo-VRAM) flap in 7 patients with extensive chest wall defects. The turbo-VRAM flap provides augmented blood supply with microvascular anastomosis between the inferior epigastric system and available vessels of the axillary, brachial or cervical vascular system.(More)