Tsunehiko Yoshida

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Digoxin and other cardiac glycosides inhibit hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) transcriptional activity in cultured cells and suppress tumor xenograft growth. We tested the hypothesis that digoxin reduces HIF-1 levels in ischemic tissue in vivo and suppresses neovascularization. Well-established murine models of ocular neovascularization were used to test(More)
Mice deficient in superoxide dismutase 1 (Sod1(-/-) mice) develop many features seen in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) including choroidal neovascularization (NV). We sought to determine if the absence of SOD1 contributes to the pro-angiogenic environment in the subretinal space or whether it is completely secondary to other changes in(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a collection of diseases in which rod photoreceptors die from a variety of mutations. After rods die, the level of tissue oxygen in the outer retina becomes elevated and there is progressive oxidative damage to cones that ultimately triggers apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that NADPH oxidase (Nox) and/or(More)
Pathological ocular neovascularization, caused by diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, or retinopathy of prematurity, is a leading cause of blindness, yet much remains to be learned about its underlying causes. Here we used oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) and laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) to assess the contribution of(More)
M1 mouse myeloid leukemia cells exhibit growth arrest and differentiation to monocytes/macrophages in response to leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) stimulation. Although recent studies have demonstrated that STAT3 plays a central role in this process, it is unknown whether STAT3 activation alone is sufficient. To address this issue, we have established(More)
Doxorubicin (DXR) and daunorubicin (DNR) inhibit hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) transcriptional activity by blocking its binding to DNA. Intraocular injections of DXR or DNR suppressed choroidal and retinal neovascularization (NV), but also perturbed retinal function as demonstrated by electroretinograms (ERGs). DXR was conjugated to novel copolymers of(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) transduce the signal of a wide variety of chemokines, cytokines, neurotransmitters, hormones, odorants, and others to regulate the biologic homeostasis, including hematopoiesis and immunity. Here we report the molecular cloning of leukocyte-specific STAT-induced GPCR (LSSIG), which is a novel murine orphan GPCR with the(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is increased along with IL-1β by activation of the inflammasome and has been implicated in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, but its role in the eye is uncertain. In patients with macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion, intraocular IL-18 levels increased significantly (P < 0.001) after treatment with ranibizumab particularly(More)
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