Tsuneaki Ogata

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The pharmacological effects of rivoglitazone, a novel thiazolidinedione-derivative peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonist, were characterized in vitro and in vivo. Rivoglitazone activated human PPARgamma more potently compared with rosiglitazone and pioglitazone and had little effect on PPARalpha and PPARdelta activity in luciferase(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ; NR1C3) is known as a key regulator of adipocytogenesis and the molecular target of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), also known as antidiabetic agents. Despite the clinical benefits of TZDs, their use is often associated with adverse effects including peripheral edema, congestive heart failure, and weight gain.(More)
We show an efficient method to identify molecular targets of small molecular compounds by affinity purification and mass spectrometry. Binding proteins were isolated from target cell lysate using affinity columns, which immobilized the active and inactive compounds. All proteins bound to these affinity columns were eluted by digestion using trypsin and then(More)
GPR40 is a G protein-coupled receptor that is predominantly expressed in pancreatic β-cells. GPR40 agonists stimulate insulin secretion in the presence of high glucose concentration. On the basis of this mechanism, GPR40 agonists are possible novel insulin secretagogues with reduced or no risk of hypoglycemia. The improvement of in vitro activity and(More)
In continuation of our investigation on novel stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) 1 inhibitors, we have already reported on the structural modification of the benzoylpiperidines that led to a series of novel and highly potent spiropiperidine-based SCD1 inhibitors. In this report, we would like to extend the scope of our previous investigation and disclose details(More)
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) catalyzes the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, and their abnormality is possibly responsible for obesity, insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). A novel SCD-1 inhibitor, N-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)-6-[4-(2-methylbenzoyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridazine-3-carboxamide, has been(More)
Cyclization of the benzoylpiperidine in lead compound 2 generated a series of novel and highly potent spiropiperidine-based stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD)-1 inhibitors. Among them, 1'-{6-[5-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl]pyridazin-3-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)-3,4-dihydrospiro[chromene-2,4'-piperidine] (19) demonstrated the most powerful inhibitory(More)
A series of structurally novel stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) inhibitors has been identified by optimizing a hit from our corporate library. Preliminary structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies led to the discovery of the highly potent and orally bioavailable thiazole-based SCD-1 inhibitor,(More)
The continuing investigation of SAR studies of 3-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-N-(5-benzylthiazol-2-yl)-benzamides as stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) inhibitors is reported. Our prior hit-to-lead effort resulted in the identification of 1a as a potent and orally efficacious SCD-1 inhibitor. Further optimization of the structural motif resulted in the identification(More)
Expansion of the 6-membered ring and subsequent fine-tuning of the newly obtained 7-membered spiropiperidine structure resulted in the discovery of a series of novel and potent SCD1 inhibitors. Preliminary SAR was explored by modifying an alkyl chain on the azepine nitrogen and resulted in the identification of a highly potent SCD1 inhibitor:(More)