Tsukasa Sugo

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The structurally related orphan G-protein-coupled receptors GPR7 and GPR8 are expressed in the central nervous system, and their ligands have not been identified. Here, we report the identification of the endogenous ligand for both of these receptors. We purified the peptide ligand from porcine hypothalamus using stable Chinese hamster ovary cell lines(More)
Urotensin II (UII) has been reported as the most potent known vasoconstrictor. While rat and mouse orthologs of UII precursor protein have been reported, only the tentative structures of UII peptides of these animals have been demonstrated, since prepro-UII proteins lack typical processing sites for their mature peptides. In the present study, we isolated a(More)
Lysophosphatidyl-L-serine (lysoPS) is thought to be an immunological regulator because it dramatically augments the degranulation of rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMCs). This stimulatory effect may be mediated by a lysoPS receptor, but its molecule has not been identified yet. During a ligand fishing study for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor 34 (GPR34),(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) are currently the most effective in vivo delivery systems for silencing target genes in hepatocytes employing small interfering RNA. Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are also potential targets for LNP siRNA. We examined the uptake, intracellular trafficking, and gene silencing potency in primary bone marrow macrophages (bmMΦ) and(More)
We identified urotensin II (U-II) as the endogenous ligand for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR14 or SENR. Both U-II and GPR14 are expressed not only in peripheral tissues but also in the brain of rodents, suggesting that U-II plays a physiological role in the central nervous system. In the present study, we investigated the central effects of U-II(More)
Urotensin II (UII), which was originally isolated from the teleost urophysis, was identified as an endogenous ligand for orphan G protein-coupled receptor 14 (GPR14). The structure of mammalian UII was confirmed by isolation from spinal cord in porcine, or was easily predicted from the sequence of prepro-UII in human. For rat and mouse, however, only the(More)
Thrombin cleaves protein S at arginine residues 52 and 70 resulting in loss of cofactor activity and reduced Ca2+ ion binding. After thrombin cleavage the NH2-terminal region containing gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) is linked to the large COOH-terminal fragment by a disulfide bond. Measurements of the rate of disulfide bond reduction by thioredoxin in(More)
Protein C was purified from the plasma of a cow treated with the vitamin K antagonist warfarin. The purified protein appeared not to bind Ca2+ ions in contrast to protein C from an untreated animal. The gamma-carboxyglutamic acid content of the abnormal protein C was reduced to approximately 10% of normal, whereas the beta-hydroxyaspartic acid content was(More)
In bovine protein C normal activation by the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex requires binding of calcium to one high affinity binding site, contained in a protein fragment that lacks the gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) region (Esmon, N. L., De Bault, L. E., and Esmon, C. T. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 5548-5553). In this work, the calcium binding to and the(More)
Despite considerable efforts to develop efficient carriers, the major target organ of short-interfering RNAs (siRNAs) remains limited to the liver. Expanding the application outside the liver is required to increase the value of siRNAs. Here we report on a novel platform targeted to muscular organs by conjugation of siRNAs with anti-CD71 Fab' fragment. This(More)