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Individuals with rheumatoid arthritis frequently have autoantibodies to citrullinated peptides, suggesting the involvement of the peptidylarginine deiminases citrullinating enzymes (encoded by PADI genes) in rheumatoid arthritis. Previous linkage studies have shown that a susceptibility locus for rheumatoid arthritis includes four PADI genes but did not(More)
The introduction of biological agents targeting tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has brought about a paradigm shift in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although these anti-TNF agents have excellent efficacy against RA, a substantial number of patients still show inadequate responses. In Western countries, such patients are already being(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the duration of remission and low disease activity (LDA) after cessation of tocilizumab (TCZ) treatment in rheumatoid arthritis patients who showed remission or LDA as assessed by DAS28 in response to preceding TCZ monotherapy, and to explore the factors contributing to prolonged efficacy duration. METHODS Disease activity was(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab+methotrexate (MTX) in Japanese patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had not previously received MTX or biologics. METHODS This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study evaluated adalimumab 40 mg every other week+MTX 6-8 mg every week versus MTX 6-8 mg every(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare efficacy outcomes of initial treatment with adalimumab + MTX vs adalimumab addition following 26 weeks of MTX monotherapy in Japanese early RA patients naive to MTX with high disease activity. METHODS Patients completing the 26-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of adalimumab + MTX were eligible to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate perioperative changes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with tocilizumab. METHODS We collected RA cases with tocilizumab and orthopaedic surgery from 1999 to 2010. Incidences of postoperative infections, delayed wound healing, and RA symptom flare-ups were extracted from the data for comparison with patients without these(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retreatment with tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients who had participated in the DREAM study (Drug free remission/low disease activity after cessation of tocilizumab [Actemar] monotherapy study) and had experienced loss of efficacy. METHODS Patients were retreated with TCZ or other disease modifying(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the incidence and predictive risk factors of cervical spine instabilities which may induce compression myelopathy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Three types of cervical spine instability were radiographically categorized into "moderate" and "severe" based on atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS: atlantodental interval >3(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. We report a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in a Japanese population including 4,074 individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (cases) and 16,891 controls, followed by a replication in 5,277 rheumatoid arthritis cases and 21,684 controls. Our study(More)
Purpose. For the individual optimization of drug therapy with sulfasalazine (SASP), we studied the influence of the N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) genotype on the pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and incidence of adverse reactions of SASP in patients. Methods. Ninety-six rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients were treated or had been treated with 0.5 and/or 1.0 g/day(More)