Tsubasa Saika

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We found that the level of nerve growth factor receptor (NGF-R) mRNA in facial motoneurons was increased after both facial nerve crushing and transection by means of in situ hybridization histochemistry. The increased level of NGF-R mRNA was maintained for at least 8 weeks after facial nerve transection, while facial nerve crushing caused only a transient(More)
The localization of glycine receptors in the rat brain was examined by means of in situ hybridization histochemistry using an oligonucleotide probe to the sequence of the alpha 1 subunit. Strongly- or moderately-labeled neurons were found in the cranial nuclei, sensory nuclei such as the spinal trigeminal nucleus, principal trigeminal nucleus, gracile and(More)
The regional distribution of preprodynorphin (PPD) mRNA-containing cells (PPD cells) in the rat cerebral cortex was investigated by in situ hybridization histochemistry using a synthetic oligonucleotide probe. In the isocortex, PPD cells were small or medium-sized and were mainly located in layer V. While they were less numerous in the allocortex than in(More)
The postnatal ontogeny of cells expressing prepro-neurotensin/neuromedin N messenger RNA (prepro-NT/NN mRNA) in the rat forebrain and midbrain was investigated by in situ hybridization histochemistry. According to the pattern of expression during development, the cells which express prepro-NT/NN mRNA can be roughly divided into 2 groups. In type I cells,(More)
Unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) causes ocular and postural asymmetries, which disappear over time in the processes of equilibrium recovery known as vestibular compensation. It has been reported that N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are involved in vestibular compensation. In the present study, in order to elucidate the NMDA receptor-mediated neural(More)
After unilateral labyrinthectomy in rats, Fos-like immunoreactive neurons appeared in the ipsilateral medial vestibular nucleus, contralateral prepositus hypoglossal nucleus and contralateral inferior olive beta subnucleus. and thereafter gradually disappeared in accordance with the development of vestibular compensation. This finding indicated that the(More)
In this study in order to elucidate the role of the flocculus in the whole process of vestibular compensation from the very early stage to the chronic stage, we first examined unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL)-induced spontaneous nystagmus (SN), a behavioral marker of vestibular compensation, and Fos expression, a marker of neural activity, in the vestibular(More)
By means of immunohistochemical technique, we examined the changes in Fos and Jun expression after unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) in the rat brainstem. We observed Fos-like immunoreactivity (-LIR) in the ipsilateral medial vestibular nucleus (ipsi-MVe), the contralateral prepositus hypoglossal nucleus (contra-PrH) and the contralateral inferior olive beta(More)
Several lines of evidence have suggested that acetylcholine is a possible neurotransmitter/neuromodulator involved in vestibular compensation. Further, the central vestibular system, oculo- and spino-motor neurons and peripheral vestibular efferents contain abundant cholinergic neurons. However, details of cholinergic effective sites during vestibular(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry was used to study changes in mRNAs coding neuropeptides such as alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), beta-CGRP, cholecystokinin (CCK) and galanin, in rat facial motoneurons following axotomy of the facial nerve. In control rats, 38%, 55% and 7% of the facial motoneurons expressed alpha-CGRP, beta-CGRP and CCK(More)