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Prophenoloxidase (proPO), an enzyme that is the terminal component of the so-called proPO activating system, a defense and recognition system in crustaceans and insects, has been purified and cloned from a crayfish blood cell cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence codes for a polypeptide with a mass of 80,732 Da, which is close to 76 kDa, the(More)
The p34cdc2 kinase is a highly regulated serine-threonine kinase that, when complexed with cyclins A and B, controls cell entry into mitosis. Recently, premature activation of p34cdc2 was shown to be required for apoptosis induced by a wide variety of agents. Here, we show that Taxol induced p34cdc2 kinase activity with a peak at 6 h in human breast(More)
Resistance (intermediate and high) to penicillin among Streptococcus pneumoniae strains is an emerging problem worldwide. From 1995 to 1997, isolates of S. pneumoniae not susceptible to penicillin were seen with increasing frequency from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid, and middle ear fluid from pediatric patients at the Veterans General(More)
To determine whether an inhibitor of extrathyroidal conversion (IEC) of T4 to T3 is present in sera of patients with nonthyroidal illness (NTI), we incubated rat liver homogenate (approximately 4 mg protein) with T4 (2.5 microM) and dithiothreitol (5 mM) in the presence of evaporated diethyl ether extracts of normal or NTI sera. The T3 produced was(More)
An artificial vaccinia virus vector-driven replication system for influenza virus RNA has been developed. In this system, a synthetic NS-like gene is replicated and expressed by influenza virus proteins supplied through infection with vaccinia virus recombinant vectors. The minimum subset of influenza virus proteins needed for specific replication and(More)
The protein substrate specificity of the catalytic subunit of rabbit skeletal muscle cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (EC; ATP:protein phosphotransferase) has been studied using genetic variants of beta casein. It was found that beta casein-B was phosphorylated at a much greater rate than beta caseins A1, A2, A3, or C. The enhanced(More)
Curcumin, a dietary pigment responsible for the yellow color of curry, is a potent inhibitor of tumor promotion by phorbol esters. Functional activation of transcriptional factor c-Jun/AP-1 is believed to play an important role in signal transduction of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced tumor promotion. Suppression of the c-Jun/AP-1 activation by(More)
Kojic acid, a fungal metabolite produced by some species of Aspergillus and Penicillium, was found to induce sister chromatid exchanges and chromosomal aberrations in Chinese hamster ovary cells in the presence or absence of the rat liver S9 mix. Furthermore, this compound was demonstrated to induce mutations in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100(More)
A simple protocol for the rescue of a synthetic genome into a paramyxovirus has been developed. First, a synthetic Sendai virus-like RNA, containing the antisense coding region of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene replacing the coding region of the Sendai virus genome, was transcribed from a cDNA. When introduced into cells that are infected with(More)