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We present orbital solutions for three low-amplitude spectroscopic binaries discovered in a sample of 20 solar-type IAU radial-velocity standard stars observed with the Digital Speedometers at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. We update the orbital solutions for HD 114762 and HD 140913, and present a preliminary new solution for HD 29587. For(More)
This Letter reports on the photometric detection of transits of the Neptune-mass planet orbiting the nearby M-dwarf star GJ 436. It is by far the closest, smallest and least massive transiting planet detected so far. Its mass is slightly larger than Neptune's at M = 22.6 ± 1.9 M⊕. The shape and depth of the transit lightcurves show that it is crossing the(More)
This paper presents an application of the TwO-Dimensional CORrelation (TODCOR) algorithm to multi-order spectra. The combination of many orders enables the detection and measurement of the radial velocities of very faint companions. The technique is first applied here to the case of HD 41004, where the secondary is 3.68 magnitudes fainter than the primary(More)
We report on the BVRI multi-band follow-up photometry of the transiting extrasolar planet HD 189733b. We revise the transit parameters and find planetary radius R P = 1.154 ± 0.032R J and inclination i P = 85.79 ± 0.24 •. The new density (∼ 1g cm −3) is significantly higher than the former estimate (∼ 0.75g cm −3); this shows that from the current sample of(More)
We point out an intriguing relation between the masses of the transiting planets and their orbital periods. For the six currently known transiting planets, the data are consistent with a decreasing linear relation. The other known short-period planets, discovered through radial-velocity techniques, seem to agree with this relation. We briefly speculate(More)
We report a spectroscopic orbit with period P = 3.52433 ± 0.00027 days for the planetary companion that transits the solar-type star HD 209458. For the metallicity, mass, and radius of the star we derive [Fe/H]= 0.00 ± 0.02, M * = 1.1 ± 0.1 M ⊙ , and R * = 1.3 ± 0.1 R ⊙. This is based on a new analysis of the iron lines in our HIRES template spectrum, and(More)
We present photometry of HD 189733 during eight transits of its close-in giant planet, and out-of-transit photometry spanning two years. Using the transit photometry, we determine the stellar and planetary radii and the photometric ephemeris. Outside of transits, there are quasiperiodic flux variations with a 13.4 day period that we attribute to stellar(More)
Eighty planetary systems of two or more planets are known to orbit stars other than the Sun. For most, the data can be sufficiently explained by non-interacting Keplerian orbits, so the dynamical interactions of these systems have not been observed. Here we present 4 sets of lightcurves from the Kepler spacecraft, which each show multiple planets transiting(More)
We report the detection of Kepler-47, a system consisting of two planets orbiting around an eclipsing pair of stars. The inner and outer planets have radii 3.0 and 4.6 times that of Earth, respectively. The binary star consists of a Sun-like star and a companion roughly one-third its size, orbiting each other every 7.45 days. With an orbital period of 49.5(More)