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Full length cDNAs encoding the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from rat and man have been isolated and sequenced. Many GAPDH gene-related sequences have been found in both genomes based on genomic blot hybridization analysis. Only one functional gene product is known. Results from genomic library screenings suggest that(More)
Flowering plants have evolved various stratagems to prevent inbreeding and promote outcrosses. One such mechanism, gametophytic self-incompatibility, provides a genetic barrier to self-fertilization, and in the simplest cases is controlled by the highly polymorphic S locus. Growth of a pollen tube in the style is arrested when the S allele carried by the(More)
Sequences of 11 alleles of the gametophytic self-incompatibility locus (S locus) from three species of the Solanaceae family have recently been determined. Pairwise comparisons of these alleles reveal two unexpected observations: (i) amino acid sequence similarity can be as low as 40% within species and (ii) some interspecific similarities are higher than(More)
Although the columella cells of the root cap have been identified as the site of gravity perception, the cellular events that mediate gravity signaling remain poorly understood. To determine if cytoplasmic and/or wall pH mediates the initial stages of root gravitropism, we combined a novel cell wall pH sensor (a cellulose binding domain peptide-Oregon green(More)
From a pollen tube cDNA library of Petunia inflata, we isolated clones encoding a protein with structural features and biochemical properties characteristic of receptor-like kinases. It was designated PRK1 for pollen receptor-like kinase 1. The cytoplasmic domain of PRK1 is highly similar to the kinase domains of other plant receptor-like kinases and(More)
Flowering plants have evolved various genetic mechanisms to circumvent the tendency for self-fertilization created by the close proximity of male and female reproductive organs in a bisexual flower. One such mechanism is gametophytic self-incompatibility, which allows the female reproductive organ, the pistil, to distinguish between self pollen and non-self(More)
Many bisexual flowering plants possess a reproductive strategy called self-incompatibility (SI) that enables the female tissue (the pistil) to reject self but accept non-self pollen for fertilization. Three different SI mechanisms are discussed, each controlled by two separate, highly polymorphic genes at the S-locus. For the Solanaceae and Papaveraceae(More)
S-allele diversity in Solanum carolinense was surveyed in two natural populations, located in Tennessee and North Carolina, with a molecular assay to determine the genotype of individual plants. A total of 13 different S-alleles were identified and sequenced. There is high overlap between the two populations sampled, with 10 alleles shared in common, one(More)
S proteins, pistil-specific ribonucleases that cosegregate with S alleles, have previously been shown to control rejection of self-pollen in Petunia inflata and Nicotiana alata, two solanaceous species that display gametophytic self-incompatibility. The ribonuclease activity of S proteins was thought to degrade RNA of self-pollen tubes, resulting in the(More)
The Solanaceae family of flowering plants possesses a type of self-incompatibility mechanism that enables the pistil to reject self pollen but accept non-self pollen for fertilization. The pistil function in this system has been shown to be controlled by a polymorphic gene at the S-locus, termed the S-RNase gene. The pollen function is believed to be(More)