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The well-characterized enhancement of the cardiac Ca2+ L-type current by protein kinase A (PKA) is not observed when the corresponding channel is expressed in Xenopus oocytes, possibly because it is fully phosphorylated in the basal state. However, the activity of the expressed channel is reduced by PKA inhibitors. Using this paradigm as an assay to search(More)
MUC2 is the primary component of the mucin barrier that separates the intestinal microbiota and the intestinal epithelium. This mucous barrier is affected by both luminal/microbial factors and host/immune factors, both of which have genetic and environmental determinants. The complex interactions between these players in health and disease states are not(More)
BACKGROUND The accuracy and repeatability of breath test in the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection have not been adequately investigated. Although it has been shown that storage for long periods does not affect the analysis results, no data are available on the effect of repetitive testing. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the repeatability of(More)
Phosphorylation-mediated regulation of voltage-gated K+ channels has been implicated in numerous electrophysiological studies; however, complementary biochemical studies have so far been hampered by the failure to isolate and characterize any K+ channel proteins of distinct molecular identity. We used the Xenopus oocyte expression system to study the(More)
The current guidelines recommend culture and antibiotic susceptibility testing of Helicobacter pylori following two failed eradication attempts. Where testing is unavailable, epidemiological data for secondary H. pylori resistance are essential to allow for the rational use of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to describe the temporal changes in(More)
Prophages of Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium known to co-evolve in the stomach of its human host, were recently identified. However, their role in the diversity of H. pylori strains is unknown. We demonstrate here and for the first time that the diversity of the prophage genes offers the ability to distinguish between European populations, and that H.(More)
Polyomavirus BK (BKV) establishes latent infection in various human tissues, including the kidney. Reactivation following renal transplantation (RT) may cause BKV-associated nephropathy, leading to graft loss. BKV reactivation is often associated with extensive rearrangements in the BKV noncoding regulatory region (NCRR). We explored the formation and(More)
BACKGROUND The lactose breath test (LBT) is the standard technique for diagnosis of lactose malabsorption. However, it is time-consuming, strenuous for the patient and has been reported to have low sensitivity. The lactose intolerance quick test (LIQT) measures lactase activity in duodenal biopsies and may be performed as part of upper gastrointestinal(More)
Rifaximin is a minimally absorbed antibiotic with high luminal activity, used to treat various gastrointestinal diseases. Although rifaximin has been proposed as first line treatment for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), few data are available regarding its efficacy in non-IBS subjects. We aimed to assess the ability of rifaximin to normalize(More)
BACKGROUND Current guidelines recommend direct Helicobacter pylori culture and antibiotic susceptibility testing following 2 failed eradication attempts. If this process is followed and yet subsequent treatment is unsuccessful, it is unclear whether susceptibility testing should be repeated. This is the first study to examine the appropriateness of repeated(More)