Truyen Nguyen

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A major mechanism in the cellular defense against oxidative or electrophilic stress is activation of the Nrf2-antioxidant response element signaling pathway, which controls the expression of genes whose protein products are involved in the detoxication and elimination of reactive oxidants and electrophilic agents through conjugative reactions and by(More)
The expression of genes encoding antioxidative and Phase II detoxification enzymes is induced in cells exposed to electrophilic compounds and phenolic antioxidants. Induction of these enzymes is regulated at the transcriptional level and is mediated by a specific enhancer, the antioxidant response element or ARE, found in the promoter of the enzyme's gene.(More)
Nrf2, a basic leucine zipper transcription factor, is an essential activator of the coordinated transcription of genes encoding antioxidant enzymes and phase II detoxifying enzymes through the regulatory sequence termed antioxidant response element (ARE). Recently we reported evidence for the involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) in phosphorylating Nrf2 and(More)
Nrf2 (NF-E2-related factor 2) is a central transcription factor involved in the transcriptional activation of many genes encoding phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes via the antioxidant response element. Nrf2 has previously been found to undergo nuclear translocation by a phosphorylation-dependent mechanism mediated by protein kinase C in HepG2 cells treated(More)
The induction of many antioxidant and phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes by phenolic antioxidants and electrophilic compounds is regulated at the transcriptional level. The response to these compounds is mediated by the cis-acting antioxidant response element (ARE) found in the promoter of the encoding genes. The transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2,(More)
Nrf2 regulates the expression of genes encoding antioxidant proteins involved in cellular redox homeostasis. Previous studies have suggested that activation of Nrf2 is mediated by mechanisms promoting its dissociation from Keap1, a cytosolic repressor that acts to sequester the transcription factor in the cytoplasm. As a short-lived protein, Nrf2 is also(More)
Nrf2 is a transcription factor critical for the maintenance of cellular redox homeostasis. We have previously found that Nrf2 is a labile protein, and its activation in cells under stress involves mechanisms leading to its stabilization. As a modular protein, Nrf2 possesses distinct transactivation and DNA binding domains essential for its transcriptional(More)
Keap1 is the substrate recognition module of a Cullin 3-based E3 ubiquitin ligase. Its primary role is to catalyze the ubiquitylation of the Nrf2 transcription factor. Oxidative stress blocks the E3 ligase activity of Keap1 which stabilizes Nrf2 allowing it to drive the expression of certain antioxidant and drug metabolizing enzymes. A recent study(More)
The “sticky particles” model at the discrete level is employed to obtain global solutions for a class of systems of conservation laws among which lie the pressureless Euler and the pressureless attractive/repulsive Euler-Poisson system with zero background charge. We consider the case of finite, nonnegative initial Borel measures with finite second-order(More)