Truman C Gamblin

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The principal pathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are extracellular amyloid plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, the latter composed of the microtubule-binding protein tau assembled into paired helical and straight filaments. Recent studies suggest that these pathological entities may be functionally linked, although the(More)
We report a case of rapidly progressive frontotemporal dementia presenting at age 33 years. At autopsy there was severe atrophy of the frontal and temporal lobes. Tau-positive Pick bodies, which ultrastructurally were composed of straight filaments, were present, accompanied by severe neuronal loss and gliosis. RD3, a tau antibody specific for the(More)
The abnormal polymerization of the tau molecule into insoluble filaments is a seminal event in the neurodegenerative process underlying Alzheimer's disease. Previous experimentation has shown that the microtubule-binding repeat region of the molecule is vital for its ability to polymerize in vitro into filaments similar to those found in Alzheimer's(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are intraneuronal aggregates associated with several neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. These abnormal accumulations are primarily comprised of fibrils of the microtubule-associated protein tau. During the progression of NFT formation, disperse and non-interacting tau fibrils become stable aggregates of(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is, in part, defined by the polymerization of tau into paired helical and straight filaments (PHF/SFs) which together comprise the fibrillar pathology in degenerating brain regions. Much of the tau in these filaments is modified by phosphorylation. Additionally, a subset also appears to be proteolytically truncated, resulting in the(More)
The major antigenic component of neurofibrillary pathology in a large number of neurodegenerative diseases consists of the microtubule-associated protein tau. It is currently unclear how tau protein makes the transition from an important component of the microtubule-based cytoskeleton to an insoluble polymerized state. In vitro techniques have been employed(More)
Six tau isoforms arise from the alternative splicing of a single gene in humans. Insoluble, filamentous deposits of tau protein occur in a number of neurodegenerative diseases, and in some of these diseases, the deposition of polymers enriched in certain tau isoforms has been documented. Because of these findings, we have undertaken studies on the efficacy(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of amyloid-positive senile plaques and tau-positive neurofibrillary tangles. Aside from these two pathological hallmarks, a growing body of evidence indicates that the amount of oxidative alteration of vulnerable molecules such as proteins, DNA, and fatty acids is elevated in the brains of AD(More)
Tau polymerization into the filaments that compose neurofibrillary tangles is seminal to the development of many neurodegenerative diseases. It is therefore important to understand the mechanisms involved in this process. However, a consensus method for monitoring tau polymerization in vitro has been lacking. Here we demonstrate that illuminating tau(More)
Abnormal aggregation of the microtubule-associated protein, tau, occurs in many neurodegenerative diseases, making it important to understand the mechanisms of tau polymerization. Previous work has indicated that the C-terminal region of tau inhibits polymerization in vitro, and a growing body of evidence implicates caspase cleavage of tau at Asp 421 in the(More)