Truls Østbye

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OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the amount of time required for a primary care physician to provide recommended preventive services to an average patient panel. METHODS We used published and estimated times per service to determine the physician time required to provide all services recommended by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), at the(More)
OBJECTIVES Obese Americans, who receive more care for chronic diseases, may receive fewer preventive services. We evaluated the association between body mass index (BMI) and receipt of screening mammography and Papanicolaou tests among middle-aged women and the association between BMI and receipt of influenza vaccination among the elderly. METHODS We(More)
PURPOSE Despite the availability of national practice guidelines, many patients fail to receive recommended chronic disease care. Physician time constraints in primary care are likely one cause. METHODS We applied guideline recommendations for 10 common chronic diseases to a panel of 2,500 primary care patients with an age-sex distribution and chronic(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this investigation were to (1) compare short-term outcomes for patients undergoing primary gastric bypass surgery with those who had gastric bypass procedures performed as a rescue procedure after failed gastric banding and (2) study trends in the frequency of reoperations between 2005 and 2008 for patients who had prior gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a key component in U.S. tuberculosis control, assisted by recent improvements in LTBI diagnostics and therapeutic regimens. Effectiveness of LTBI therapy, however, is limited by patients' willingness to both initiate and complete treatment. We aimed to evaluate the demographic, medical,(More)
BACKGROUND Physicians are encouraged to counsel overweight and obese patients to lose weight. PURPOSE It was examined whether discussing weight and use of motivational interviewing techniques (e.g., collaborating, reflective listening) while discussing weight predicted weight loss 3 months after the encounter. METHODS Forty primary care physicians and(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy may contribute to overweight and obesity. PURPOSE The primary objective of Active Mothers Postpartum was to promote a reduction in BMI through 24-months postpartum via sustainable lifestyle changes. DESIGN Behavioral intervention RCT to enhance postpartum weight loss. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS A total of 450 overweight or obese women,(More)
OBJECTIVES Reduced sexual quality of life is a frequently reported yet rarely studied consequence of obesity. The objectives of this study were to 1) examine the prevalence of sexual quality-of-life difficulties in obese individuals and 2) investigate the association between sexual quality of life and BMI class, sex, and obesity treatment-seeking status. (More)
BACKGROUND Although walk-in clinics are an increasingly common feature of Ontario's health care system, the quality of care they provide is the subject of continuing debate. In this study we examined differences in patient satisfaction and quality of care for common acute conditions in walk-in clinics, family practices and emergency departments. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To use an innovative statistical method, Latent Class Trajectory Analysis (LCTA), to identify and describe subgroups (called trajectories) of caregiver depressive symptoms in a national sample of wives providing informal care for their husbands with dementia. DESIGN Longitudinal. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS Respondents to the National(More)