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The aims of the present studies were to determine the number, size range, health, and steroidogenic activities of antral follicles in normal human ovaries during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Steroidogenic activity was assessed from the levels of androstenedione, testosterone, and estradiol in follicular fluid and the levels of extant and(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of complications of diagnostic and operative hysteroscopic procedures in the Netherlands and describe their nature. METHODS Data on complications were recorded by 82 hospitals in 1997. Participating hospitals had a 100% response rate. Any unexpected events that required intraoperative or postoperative intervention were(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the events leading to the formation of adhesions, to describe the development of fibrinolytic agents, to review more than a century of research on the use of fibrinolytic agents in adhesion prevention, and to look at future aspects of adhesion prevention. RESULTS A better understanding of the pathogenesis of adhesion formation has(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of complications and the incidence of open- versus closed-entry (either by Veress needle or first trocar) technique in gynecologic laparoscopy in The Netherlands. STUDY DESIGN Questionnaire analysis of members of the Dutch Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy and Minimal Invasive Surgery was(More)
First-look laparoscopy (FL) on the eighth day after salpingostomy, fimbrioplasty, or adhesiolysis was performed in 188 patients. Behavior of postoperative adhesions and the occurrence of pregnancy after tubal surgery were compared with a similar group of 127 patients in whom no FL was performed. In greater than 50% of the cases (104/188), adhesions were(More)
BACKGROUND Tubal ectopic pregnancy can be surgically treated by salpingectomy, in which the affected Fallopian tube is removed, or salpingotomy, in which the tube is preserved. Despite potentially increased risks of persistent trophoblast and repeat ectopic pregnancy, salpingotomy is often preferred over salpingectomy because the preservation of both tubes(More)
The present study compares the evidence of pregnancy and delivery among in-vitro fertilization (IVF) parents (45 couples), other formerly infertile parents (35 couples) and fertile parents (35 couples). All deliveries concerned primaparous women and singleton births. In addition, the burden of fertility treatments was investigated. Results show that the(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify predictors of postsurgical adhesion formation in peritoneal fluid and plasma, and assess efficacy and safety of reteplase (recombinant plasminogen activator [r-PA]). DESIGN Prospective randomized study. SETTING University Medical Center. PATIENT(S) Twenty-six abdominal myomectomy patients with early second-look laparoscopy (ESL).(More)
The objective of the study was to investigate long-term infertile couples in regard to their well-being. The design of the study consisted of a structured questionnaire. Husband and wife answered a written questionnaire each in a different place in their home. Wives and husbands of 108 childless couples with a long-term infertility participated. Seven(More)
Long-term infertile couples often reflect seriously on their desire for a child. By investigating involuntarily childless couples we might get a better understanding of the intensity of the desire for the first child, the motives behind this desire and the difference between men and women in these respects. In this study among 108 couples with a mean(More)