Trudy A. Pelton

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BACKGROUND Walking in time with a metronome is associated with improved spatiotemporal parameters in hemiparetic gait; however, the mechanism linking auditory and motor systems is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Hemiparetic cadence control with metronome synchronization was examined to determine specific influences of metronome timing on treadmill walking.(More)
Impairments in gait coordination may be a factor in falls and mobility limitations after stroke. Therefore, rehabilitation targeting gait coordination may be an effective way to improve walking post-stroke. This review sought to examine current treatments that target impairments of gait coordination, the theoretical basis on which they are derived and the(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of how damage to brain regions and pathways affects central nervous system control of coordination of reach-to-grasp (RTG) following stroke may not be sufficiently used in existing treatment interventions or in research that assesses their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE To review current knowledge of motor control of coordination of RTG and(More)
OBJECTIVES Given the importance of vision in the control of walking and evidence indicating varied practice of walking improves mobility outcomes, this study sought to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of varied walking practice in response to visual cues, for the rehabilitation of walking following stroke. DESIGN This 3 arm parallel,(More)
BACKGROUND Bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing (BATRAC) improves hemiparetic upper extremity (UE) function in stroke. It is unknown whether a similar exercise for the hemiparetic lower extremity (LE) is effective. OBJECTIVE The authors sought to test whether the BATRAC strategy would transfer to the legs by improving LE motor function(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that stroke survivors have reduced gait adaptability, the underlying mechanisms and the relationship to functional recovery are largely unknown. We explored the relationships between walking adaptability and clinical measures of balance, motor recovery and functional ability in stroke survivors. METHODS Stroke(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is associated with disruption to efficient and accurate reach to grasp function. Information about treatments for upper limb coordination deficits and their effectiveness may contribute to improved recovery of upper limb function after stroke. REVIEW OBJECTIVES INCLUSION CRITERIA: We included studies with a specific design objective(More)
BACKGROUND Visual information comprises one of the most salient sources of information used to control walking and the dependence on vision to maintain dynamic stability increases following a stroke. We hypothesize, therefore, that rehabilitation efforts incorporating visual cues may be effective in triggering recovery and adaptability of gait following(More)
BACKGROUND Impairments in gait coordination may be a factor in falls and mobility limitations after stroke. Therefore, rehabilitation targeting lower limb coordination may be a mechanistic way to improve walking post-stroke. This review sought to examine what treatments currently exist to target impairments of gait coordination, the theoretical basis on(More)
An experiment in self-administered blood donor medical histories is described. This history, reviewed by a medical history nurse, was not associated with more rapid donor processing. Donors and medical history nurses reacted positively to self-administration. The quality of the medical history did not appear to be affected by the procedure. The findings(More)