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Addition of the bioactive phospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) or a thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRP) to serum-starved N1E-115 or NG108-15 neuronal cells causes rapid growth cone collapse, neurite retraction, and transient rounding of the cell body. These shape changes appear to be driven by receptor-mediated contraction of the cortical(More)
Gap junctions are specialized cell-cell junctions that mediate intercellular communication. They are composed of connexin proteins, which form transmembrane channels for small molecules [1, 2]. The C-terminal tail of connexin-43 (Cx43), the most widely expressed connexin member, has been implicated in the regulation of Cx43 channel gating by growth factors(More)
Cell-cell communication via connexin-43 (Cx43)-based gap junctions is transiently inhibited by certain mitogens, but the underlying regulatory mechanisms are incompletely understood. Our previous studies have implicated the c-Src tyrosine kinase in mediating transient closure of Cx43-based gap junctions in normal fibroblasts. Here we show that activated(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lysosphingolipid implicated in mitogenesis and cytoskeletal remodelling, but its mechanism of action is poorly understood. We report here that in N1E-115 neuronal cells, S1P mimics the G protein-coupled receptor agonist lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in rapidly inducing neurite retraction and soma rounding, a(More)
Gap junctions mediate cell-cell communication in almost all tissues, but little is known about their regulation by physiological stimuli. Using a novel single-electrode technique, together with dye coupling studies, we show that in cells expressing gap junction protein connexin43, cell-cell communication is rapidly disrupted by G protein-coupled receptor(More)
Serum stimulation of quiescent fibroblasts leads to a dramatic depolarization of the plasma membrane; however, the identity of the active serum factor(s) and the underlying mechanism are unknown. We find that this serum activity is attributable to albumin-bound lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) acting on its own G protein-coupled receptor, and that membrane(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA; 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate) is a platelet-derived lipid mediator that activates its own G-protein-coupled receptor to trigger phospholipase C-mediated Ca2+ mobilization and other effector pathways in numerous cell types. In this study we have examined the structural features of LPA that are important for activation of the(More)
Two hybridomas, derived by fusing mouse myeloma cells with spleen cells from a rat immunized with mouse mammary tumors, have been shown to produce antibodies that recognize cell surface antigens on mesenchymal cells in a variety of tissues. Evidence presented in this report suggests that these antibodies detect overlapping epitopes on the Forssman(More)
GRSL lymphoma cells were isolated from various growth sites in the host. The relative membrane lipid fluidities of these cells and of normal lymphoid cells were estimated by fluorescence polarization, using the probe diphenylhexatriene and by measuring the (free) cholesterol/phospholipid molar ratio in whole cells. The results indicate that the membrane(More)
Loss of membrane potential (membrane depolarization) is one of the earliest and most striking responses of quiescent cells to stimulation with serum or G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists such as lysophosphatidic acid and thrombin. Membrane depolarization is due to the activation of a chloride conductance. While this response has received relatively(More)