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Addition of the bioactive phospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) or a thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRP) to serum-starved N1E-115 or NG108-15 neuronal cells causes rapid growth cone collapse, neurite retraction, and transient rounding of the cell body. These shape changes appear to be driven by receptor-mediated contraction of the cortical(More)
Gap junctions are specialized cell-cell junctions that mediate intercellular communication. They are composed of connexin proteins, which form transmembrane channels for small molecules [1, 2]. The C-terminal tail of connexin-43 (Cx43), the most widely expressed connexin member, has been implicated in the regulation of Cx43 channel gating by growth factors(More)
Gap junctions mediate cell-cell communication in almost all tissues, but little is known about their regulation by physiological stimuli. Using a novel single-electrode technique, together with dye coupling studies, we show that in cells expressing gap junction protein connexin43, cell-cell communication is rapidly disrupted by G protein-coupled receptor(More)
Cell-cell communication via connexin-43 (Cx43)-based gap junctions is transiently inhibited by certain mitogens, but the underlying regulatory mechanisms are incompletely understood. Our previous studies have implicated the c-Src tyrosine kinase in mediating transient closure of Cx43-based gap junctions in normal fibroblasts. Here we show that activated(More)
Loss of membrane potential (membrane depolarization) is one of the earliest and most striking responses of quiescent cells to stimulation with serum or G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists such as lysophosphatidic acid and thrombin. Membrane depolarization is due to the activation of a chloride conductance. While this response has received relatively(More)
The interactions between transferrin (Tf) and transferrin receptor (Tfr) as they occur during biosynthesis were studied in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2, which synthesizes both. Early during biosynthesis the Tfr monomer is converted to a disulfide-linked Tfr dimer. The Tfr monomer is not able to bind Tf, but Tf binding is observed as soon as the(More)
The monoclonal antibody, MONO, recognizes an epitope on the G protein alpha o-subunit [van der Voorn et al., submitted] and readily immunoprecipitates heterotrimeric Go proteins from solubilized, crude bovine brain membranes, as well as from a purified bovine brain G protein preparation. Upon incubation of the immunoprecipitates with GTP gamma S, all beta(More)
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