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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether prognosis of breast-, colon- and prostate cancer may be related to vitamin D(3), induced from solar ultra-violet (UV) radiation, through studies on geographical and seasonal variations in UV radiation. METHODS This study includes 115,096 cases of breast-, colon- or prostate cancer, diagnosed between 1964 and 1992. Among(More)
We investigated the association between serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) and risk of death in Norwegian cancer patients. The study population was 658 patients with cancers of the breast (n = 251), colon (n = 52), lung (n = 210), and lymphoma (n = 145), obtained from JANUS, a population-based serum bank in Norway. Serum samples were collected(More)
Few studies have taken risk of competing events into account when examining the relationship between cholesterol and prostate cancer incidence, and few studies have a follow-up over several decades. We aimed to use these approaches to examine the relationship between cholesterol and prostate cancer. A cohort of 1997 healthy Norwegian men aged 40–59 years in(More)
Experimental studies show that vitamin D derivatives are potent anticarcinogenic factors. Epidemiological observations support this, and vitamin D sufficiency has been hypothesised to be an important risk-reducing factor in several forms of cancer. Vitamin D level exhibits seasonal variations. In the present work, we have investigated the effect of the(More)
Solar radiation contributes significantly to the status of serum calcidiol (25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 25-(OH)D3) in humans, even at the high latitudes of northern Norway. Thus, in late summer the serum concentration of calcidiol is roughly 50% larger than that in late winter, when the solar radiation in Norway contains too little ultraviolet radiation to induce(More)
Based on observations that for certain cancers, mortality varies according to sun exposure, vitamin D has been proposed to influence on disease progression. This study aims to investigate whether serum levels of 25(OH)D are associated with prognosis in patients with prostate cancer. In total, 160 patients with a serum sample in the JANUS serum bank were(More)
The calcidiol level in a group of Norwegians (14,000 individuals, age range 16-80) was found to be highest in late summer. The seasonal variation was larger for young than for old persons. The calcitriol concentration was practically constant throughout the year. Younger persons had less calcidiol and more calcitriol than older persons, indicating that the(More)
Objective. A shift in the total incidence from left- to right-sided colon cancer has been reported and raises the question as to whether lifestyle risk factors are responsible for the changing subsite distribution of colon cancer. The present study provides a review of the subsite-specific risk estimates for the dietary components presently regarded as(More)
Cancer mortality rates vary inversely with geographic latitude and solar ultraviolet-B doses. This relationship may be due to an inhibitory role of vitamin D on cancer development. The relationship between vitamin D and cancer appears to be stronger for studies of cancer mortality than incidence. Because cancer mortality reflects both cancer incidence and(More)
It has been suggested that World War II influenced breast cancer risk among Norwegian women by affecting adolescent growth. Diet changed substantially during the war, and the reduction in energy intake was assumed to be larger in non-food-producing than in food-producing municipalities. In the present study, we have looked at the influence of residential(More)