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Discontinuation of thromboprophylaxis a few days after surgery may unmask delayed hypercoagulability and contribute to late formation of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). To investigate whether thromboprophylaxis should be prolonged beyond the hospital stay, a prospective, double-blind randomised study was conducted in 308 patients. All patients received(More)
Hip replacement surgery (HRS) is associated with a high frequency of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). At the same time there is a substantial systemic and local activation of coagulation. This study indicates that discontinuation of thromboprophylaxis one week after surgery may allow a second wave of coagulation and fibrinolysis activation to occur. An almost(More)
Hip arthroplasty is associated with a high frequency of postoperative solitary proximal deep vein thrombosis which seems most frequently observed when bone cement is used for prosthesis fixation. Eighteen pigs underwent hemiarthroplasty, eight with cement-fixed prostheses and eight with non-cement prosthesis installation. Levels of thrombin-antithrombin(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrinolysis in blood is mainly reflected by the activities of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). The effect of myocardial ischemia on their activities in the coronary circulation is, however, not established. OBJECTIVES With an improved experimental model, we therefore examined the effect of a(More)
In a randomized trial on the effect of dalteparin for 5 weeks after HRS we evaluated hemostatic variables in plasma sampled before and 1, 6 and 35 days postoperatively. In 218 patients we found that prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2), thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT), d-dimer and fibrinogen were significantly higher on day 35 as compared with baseline(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the effect of a continuous infusion of the nitric oxide (NO) synthase (S) inhibitor aminoethyl-isothiourea (AE-ITU) on survival time, hemodynamics, and oxygen transport in a porcine model of live group A streptococcal (GAS) sepsis. Furthermore, to examine the role of endothelin-1, histamine, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in(More)
To elucidate the pathophysiology of acute shock caused by serogroup A streptococci (GAS), GAS were given intravenously to 25 pigs. Short-time infusions of GAS (n=11) caused variable and unpredictable responses. A continuous infusion of 5x108 cfu/kg/h (n=8) caused pulmonary hypertension, arterial hypotension, and reduced cardiac output and liver perfusion,(More)
In severe trauma, sepsis or during surgery, bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) frequently enters the circulation. Persons with high levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) have previously demonstrated higher monocyte procoagulant activity (PCA) when whole blood is challenged with LPS. The aim of the study was to investigate the distribution of(More)
Elevated levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and von Willebrand factor (vWF), both markers indicative of endothelial function, are associated with hypertension. In a randomized open study we investigated the effect of antihypertensive treatment with the alpha-blocker doxazosin (n = 23) or the beta-blocker atenolol (n = 22) for 22 weeks on circulating levels of(More)
To elucidate the possible roles of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the pathophysiology of serogroup A streptococcal (GAS) peritoneal sepsis, we investigated the effects of aminoethylisothiourea (AE-ITU), an inducible NO synthase (iNOS) inhibitor, and a ROS scavenger, and the ET-1 receptor antagonist bosentan. In(More)