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Numerous studies demonstrated that rbST increased growth rates in several fish species, and several species exhibit GH production in tissues other than the pituitary. The role of tissue GH and IGF-I in regulating fish growth is poorly understood. Therefore an experiment was conducted to examine the effects of rbST treatment on tissue GH, IGF-I, and IGF-I(More)
Little is known about the mechanism responsible for retarded placental and fetal growth induced by maternal dietary protein malnutrition. On the basis of the recent finding that nitric oxide (NO) and polyamines (products of L-arginine) play an important role in embryonic and placental development, the present study was designed to determine whether protein(More)
Amino acid composition and accretion were determined in fetal pigs obtained from gilts by hysterectomy at d 40-114 of gestation. The whole homogenate of the fetal pig was used for analysis of dry matter, nitrogen and amino acids. Uterine uptake of amino acids was estimated at d 110-114 of gestation on the basis of uterine arteriovenous concentrations.(More)
This study determined the effects of intrauterine injections of recombinant ovine interferon-tau; (roIFN-tau; 2 x 10(7) antiviral units/day) or control proteins (6 mg/day) from day 11 to day 14 post-oestrus = day 0) on endometrial expression of receptors fro oestrogen, progesterone and oxytocin in cyclic ewes. Plasma concentrations of progesterone were(More)
Uterine function is primarily controlled by the combined actions of oestrogen and progesterone working through their cognate nuclear receptors. The mechanism of establishment of pregnancy in the mare is of interest because it involves prolonged pre-attachment and conceptus migration phases, and both invasive and non-invasive placental cell types, and as(More)
This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that maternal dietary protein deficiency decreases amino acid availability to the fetus, thereby contributing to retarded fetal growth. Primiparous gilts selected genetically for low or high plasma total cholesterol concentrations (low line and high line, respectively) were mated, and then fed 1.8 kg/d of(More)
In mice, two pluripotent cell lines, embryonic stem (ES) cells and embryonic germ (EG) cells, have been identified. We present here results indicating that porcine EG cell lines can be isolated, genetically transformed, and utilized to make transgenic chimeras. Briefly, primordial germ cells (PGCs) were isolated from Day 25-27 fetuses and plated on STO(More)
The early conceptus (embryo and associated membranes) of domestic ruminats signals its presence to the maternal uterus through production of interferon-tau (IFN-tau). Production of IFN-tau ensures continued production of progesterone, the hormone of pregnancy, by the ovarian corpus luteum. This paper reports the high-level expression and efficient secretion(More)
Trophectoderm of ruminant conceptuses (embryo and associated membranes) secrete tau interferons (IFN tau) as the pregnancy recognition signal. Secretion of IFN tau on gestational days 12-13 for sheep and gestation days 14-17 for cows and goats is critical for pregnancy recognition. IFN tau acts on uterine epithelium to suppress estrogen receptor and(More)
Availàble evidence suggests that interferon tau (IFNtau), the signal for pregnancy recognition in ruminants, suppresses transcription of the estrogen receptor (ER) gene in the endometrial lumenal epithelium (LE) and superficial glandular epithelium (sGE) to prevent oxytocin receptor (OTR) expression and pulsatile release of luteolytic prostaglandin F2alpha.(More)