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This study determined the effects of intrauterine injections of recombinant ovine interferon-tau; (roIFN-tau; 2 x 10(7) antiviral units/day) or control proteins (6 mg/day) from day 11 to day 14 post-oestrus = day 0) on endometrial expression of receptors fro oestrogen, progesterone and oxytocin in cyclic ewes. Plasma concentrations of progesterone were(More)
Numerous studies demonstrated that rbST increased growth rates in several fish species, and several species exhibit GH production in tissues other than the pituitary. The role of tissue GH and IGF-I in regulating fish growth is poorly understood. Therefore an experiment was conducted to examine the effects of rbST treatment on tissue GH, IGF-I, and IGF-I(More)
Members of the Spalt gene family encode putative transcription factors characterized by seven to nine C2H2 zinc finger motifs. Four genes have been identified in mice--Spalt1 to Spalt4 (Sall1 to Sall4). Spalt homologues are widely expressed in neural and mesodermal tissues during early embryogenesis. Sall3 is normally expressed in mice from embryonic day 7(More)
The objective of this study was to determine if levels of mRNA encoding cytosolic glutathione peroxidase (cGPx) and thioredoxin reductase (TrxR-1) change during fetal development, and if maternal Se intake during gestation affects the mRNA levels of these proteins. Prepubertal gilts (n = 24) were randomly assigned to either Se-adequate (0.39 ppm of Se; n =(More)
A series of four experiments with 258 ewes was conducted to determine whether blastocyst size could be altered before normal luteolysis and, if so, how this affected fertility. In Exp. 1 and 2, nonmated and mated ewes, respectively, were treated with hCG (100 IU), progesterone (12 mg), or vehicle on d 11.5 (d 0 = onset of estrus). In Exp. 3 and 4, field(More)
Availàble evidence suggests that interferon tau (IFNtau), the signal for pregnancy recognition in ruminants, suppresses transcription of the estrogen receptor (ER) gene in the endometrial lumenal epithelium (LE) and superficial glandular epithelium (sGE) to prevent oxytocin receptor (OTR) expression and pulsatile release of luteolytic prostaglandin F2alpha.(More)
The effects of recombinant ovine interferon-tau (IFN-tau) and progesterone on oestrogen-stimulated expression of endometrial receptors for oestrogen (ER), progesterone (PR) and oxytocin (OTR) were determined in ovariectomized ewes. Cyclic ewes (n = 16) were ovariectomized and fitted with uterine catheters on Day 4 of the oestrous cycle (Day O, oestrous) and(More)
Uterine differentiation in cattle and sheep begins prenatally, but is completed postnatally. Mechanisms regulating this process are not well defined. However, studies of urogenital tract development in murine systems, particularly those involving tissue recombination and targeted gene mutation, indicate that the ideal uterine organizational programme(More)
Conceptuses of ruminant ungulates produce large amounts of a type I interferon, interferon-tau (IFNtau), which is the signal for maternal recognition of pregnancy. Induction of cellular Mx proteins is an important component of the response to type I interferon in the immune system, but Mx regulation and function have not been studied in the uterus. This(More)
Although livestock production accounts for a sizeable share of global greenhouse gas emissions, numerous technical options have been identified to mitigate these emissions. In this review, a subset of these options, which have proven to be effective, are discussed. These include measures to reduce CH4 emissions from enteric fermentation by ruminants, the(More)