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This paper describes the architecture and implementation of an autonomous passenger vehicle designed to navigate using locally perceived information in preference to potentially inaccurate or incomplete map data. The vehicle architecture was designed to handle the original DARPA Urban Challenge requirements of perceiving and navigating a road network with(More)
This technical report describes Team MIT's approach to the DARPA Urban Challenge. We have developed a novel strategy for using many inexpensive sensors, mounted on the vehicle periphery, and calibrated with a new cross­modal calibration technique. Lidar, camera, and radar data streams are processed using an innovative, locally smooth state representation(More)
Electronic books (e-books) are gaining popularity for personal reading. Options for access to a large selection of book titles and " anytime/anywhere " reading choices have added to the increased use of e-books. For this study, 22 third-grade students completed satisfaction surveys and reading comprehension tests on three separate reading sessions: one(More)
The objectives of this study were to examine the agreement between 5 ergonomic risk assessment methods calculated on the basis of quantitative exposure measures and to examine the ability of the methods to correctly classify 4 at risk jobs. Surface electromyography and electrogoniometry were used to record the physical exposures of 87 sawmill workers(More)
This paper describes a case study of a neighborhood pub in British Columbia, Canada. This case study is an examination of three common pub occupations-bartending, waitressing and cooking (n = 17). The aims of this study are to determine the biomechanical loads of job tasks identified as physically demanding for the three occupations analyzed, to assess the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Seventeen healthy volunteers were subjected to right and left lateral impacts 5.0, 6.8, 9.2, and 16.8 m/s acceleration while positioned in a Volvo car seat with lap and shoulder seat belt restraint in laboratory setting. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using a standard 3-point lap and shoulder seat belt and(More)
The primary objectives of the study were to 1) describe the physical exposures in a sawmill job with a high incidence of upper extremity musculoskeletal injuries in terms of multiple measures of posture, exertion and frequency (with varying definitions) and 2) to examine the comparability of those definitions. Surface electromyography and electrogoniometry(More)
A firm link between small size at birth and later more centralized fat patterning has been established in previous research. Relationships between shortened interbirth intervals and small size at birth suggest that maternal energetic prioritization may be an important, but unexplored determinant of offspring fat patterning. Potential adaptive advantages to(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the effect of a standard 3-point lap-and-shoulder seat belt and car seat on the electromyogram (EMG) response of the cervical muscles to increasing low-velocity impacts in comparison with that of a rigid seat and 5-point restraint. METHODS Seventeen healthy volunteers were subjected to rear, frontal,(More)
The purpose of this study was to fill an existing hole in the literature on sex offender treatment efficacy by measuring within-treatment changes in psychological and interpersonal adjustment in a sample of convicted sexual offenders. The sample consisted of 30 adult males convicted of sexual offences who were in group treatment for approximately 2 years.(More)
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