Troy J. Badger

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BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with diffuse left atrial fibrosis and a reduction in endocardial voltage. These changes are indicators of AF severity and appear to be predictors of treatment outcome. In this study, we report the utility of delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) in detecting abnormal atrial tissue before(More)
UNLABELLED MRI for AF Patient Selection and Ablation Approach. INTRODUCTION Left atrial (LA) fibrosis and ablation related scarring are major predictors of success in rhythm control of atrial fibrillation (AF). We used delayed enhancement MRI (DE-MRI) to stratify AF patients based on pre-ablation fibrosis and also to evaluate ablation-induced scarring in(More)
OBJECTIVES We describe a noninvasive method of detecting and quantifying left atrial (LA) wall injury after pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Using a 3-dimensional (3D) delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequence and novel processing methods, LA wall scarring is visualized at high resolution(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a progressive condition that begins with hemodynamic and/or structural changes in the left atrium (LA) and evolves through paroxysmal and persistent stages. Because of limitations with current noninvasive imaging techniques, the relationship between LA structure and function is not well understood. METHODS AND(More)
Prenatal maternal stress in rats and mice can demasculinize and feminize the sexual behavior of adult male offspring. Causal mechanisms are unknown, but one attractive hypothesis is that stress activation of maternal adrenal glucocorticoid secretion is the responsible agent. To test this hypothesis, pregnant rats were exposed to a variety of substances(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation uses radiofrequency (RF) energy to induce thermal damage to the left atrium (LA) in an attempt to isolate AF circuits. This injury can be seen using delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe DE-MRI findings of the LA in the acute and chronic(More)
OBJECTIVES This study tried to determine the association between left atrial (LA) fibrosis, detected using delayed-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI), and the CHADS(2) score (point system based on individual clinical risk factors including congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, and prior stroke) variables, specifically stroke. (More)
AIMS Our goal was to determine if clinically relevant concentrations of aqueous extract of cigarette smoke (CSE) have direct deleterious effects on ventricular myocytes during simulated ischemia, and to investigate the mechanisms involved. METHODS CSE was prepared with a smoking chamber. Ischemia was simulated by metabolic inhibition (MI) with cyanide(More)
INTRODUCTION Sinus node dysfunction (SND) commonly manifests with atrial arrhythmias alternating with sinus pauses and sinus bradycardia. The underlying process is thought to be because of atrial fibrosis. We assessed the value of atrial fibrosis, quantified using late gadolinium enhanced-MRI (LGE-MRI), in predicting significant SND requiring pacemaker(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated scar lesions after initial and repeat catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) and correlated these regions to low-voltage tissue on repeat electroanatomic mapping. We also identified gaps in lesion sets that could be targeted and closed during repeat procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred forty-four patients underwent AF(More)