Troy E Rhodes

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BACKGROUND The hypothesis that some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) could be caused by long-QT syndrome (LQTS) has been supported by molecular studies. However, there are inadequate data regarding the true prevalence of mutations in arrhythmia-susceptibility genes among SIDS cases. Given the importance and potential implications of these(More)
The role of the highly conserved residues in the gamma-phosphate binding site of myosin upon myosin motor function was studied. Each of five residues (Ser181, Lys185, Asn235, Ser236, and Arg238) in smooth muscle myosin was mutated. K185Q has neither a steady state ATPase nor an initial Pi burst. Although ATP and actin bind to K185Q, it is not dissociated(More)
Nerve terminals ("synaptosomes") isolated from rat brain hippocampus were loaded with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2 and were subjected to depolarization with an elevated K+ concentration in a stopped-flow spectrophotometer to measure the activity of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in the presynaptic membrane. Three components of Ca2+ influx were seen,(More)
Alkylation of myosin's Cys-707 (SH1) and Cys-697 (SH2) has profound consequences for myosin's ability to interact with actin and hydrolyze MgATP. Pre-steady-state measurements of myosin-S1 alkylated at SH1 and SH2 by N-phenylmaleimide (NPM) in the presence of ATP were taken to identify the steps of the reaction that are altered. It was found that the rate(More)
INTRODUCTION Bisphosphonates, including ibandronate, are used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We report a case of suspected ibandronate-associated arrhythmia, following a single dose of ibandronate in a 55-year-old female. ECG at presentation revealed frequent ectopy and QT/QTc interval prolongation; at follow-up 9(More)
BACKGROUND For ablation of atrial fibrillation, it is unclear how baseline international normalized ratio (INR) affects the dosing of unfractionated heparin (UFH). METHODS AND RESULTS A retrospective review of 170 consecutive patients undergoing atrial fibrillation ablation with baseline activated clotting time (ACT) and INR values was performed. Patients(More)
Analysis of the three-dimensional crystal structure of the Dictyostelium myosin motor domain revealed that the myosin head is required to bend at residues Ile-455 and Gly-457 to produce the conformation changes observed in the ternary complexes that resemble the pre- and post-hydrolysis states (Fisher, A. J., Smith, C. A., Thoden, J. B., Smith, R., Sutoh,(More)
Life-threatening arrhythmias have been suspected as one cause of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and this hypothesis is supported by the observation that mutations in arrhythmia susceptibility genes occur in 5-10% of cases. However, the functional consequences of cardiac potassium channel gene mutations associated with SIDS and how these alleles(More)
The thick filaments of mammalian and avian skeletal muscle fibers are disordered at low temperature, but become increasingly ordered into an helical structure as the temperature is raised. Wray and colleagues (Schlichting, I., and J. Wray. 1986. J. Muscle Res. Cell Motil. 7:79; Wray, J., R. S. Goody, and K. Holmes. 1986. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 226:49-59)(More)
BACKGROUND QT prolongation is a risk factor for proarrhythmia when beginning antiarrhythmic drug therapy (AAD). However, there are no data regarding monitoring repolarization changes during a ventricular paced (VP) rhythm. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare serial changes in corrected QT and JT intervals, during native conduction (NC) and(More)